1.1 -Summarise entitlement and provision for early years education
Since 2004 the government decided to introduce Free funded nursery classes for Early years children, who are usually aged between 3 and 4 who are entitled to free nursery sessions or a similar alternative and Many two year olds also have access to free early education . The hours for Early years were extended to 15 hours per week , where previously before 1st of September 2010 it was only 12.5 hours available for free in nurseries.This entitlement gives both parents/carers and children the chance to experience an early school setting and prepare them for when they are old enough to start primary school. It also gives parents a chance to have a break from their children, whether this is to give them the opportunity to return to work and pay affordable fees or just to allow them some time to do housework and general errands they may have on a day to day basis . There are many different forms of provision for early year’s children, including day nurseries which are usually privately run. There are child minders, preschools and sure start centres. However , nursery schools are an independent establishment who deliver Early Years Education stage to children aged 3 and 4 , this is similar to a primary school because it has similar professionals within the nursery such as teaching assistants , class teacher and head teachers / deputy’s . All of these different establishments give children a chance to socialise and interact with other children their own or a similar age and helps them to begin getting into a routine and understanding how the day works and this will benefit them when they begin primary school .
1.2- Explain the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance.
All children in England , aged between 3 and 16 are entitled a place at a state school free of charge. State schools have to follow the national curriculum.
There are many different types of schools in relation to educational stages and school governance , the first one being special schools which cater to those who have Special needs and disabilities which restricts a child or young person’s ability . This may have a huge affect on their behaviour or ability to interact and may struggle to make friends and have a good level of confidence . The child may struggle to read and write , maybe because they suffer from dyslexia. The special needs programmes help a child or young person that may have a sensory or physical disability , or then may find it difficult to understand things or concentrate in class. In these cases the young person will have a SEN tutor who will usually do 1:1 tasks with the child. Even though other schools do provide SEN to those who need it , special schools
specialise within these categories to a further level , for example Autistic spectrum disorders, visual or hearing impairment, or speech, language and communication needs / therapy. There are also Faith schools who are instructed to follow the national curriculum, but they can choose what they teach in religious studies.Faith schools may have different admissions criteria’s in terms of priority and staffing policies to state schools, although anyone can apply for place . A catholic faith school may have regular prayers and holy mass communions during the school year , Faith academies are slightly different and do not have to follow the national curriculum. schools that are funded by the government have more control over how they do things, they have mixed ability students , so can’t use academic selection processes like a grammar school.
Free schools can set their own pay for staff and can alter the length of school holidays and the school day . They don’t have to follow the national curriculum .
On the other hand Academies are Academies are publicly funded independent schools.
And Academies don’t have to follow the national curriculum and just like free schools they can alter term times . They still have to follow the same rules as other state schools for example with admissions and Special Need programmes. Academies are government funded , Some academies have sponsors such as businesses, universities, other schools or faith groups . Sponsors are responsible for improving the school in all aspects possible . State boarding schools provide free education to students but charge fees for accommodation . Most state boarding schools are academies, some are free schools or are run by councils.State boarding schools give priority to children and usually assess children before taking them on .However, Private schools charge annual fees to attend and are not funded by the government. Pupils don’t have to follow the national curriculum .All private schools are inspected regularly by Ofsted to see if the school is running successfully and meeting the needs of students, not many private schools provide special needs and are known to be independent schools. Grammar schools are different to state schools , state schools and free schools take on children of all abilities whereas to gain a place at a grammar school , it is mandatory that you sit an exam to determine whether your academically at the stage of which the grammar school requires.