1. IntroductionIn the universities of Australia plagiarism is normally treated as a serious offence. Student plagiarism, or the act of embezzling the academic work of others and claiming them as one’s own, creates a serious problem for many Australian universities (Ehrich, Howard, Mu ; Bokosmaty, 2016). Significantly, the cross-cultural contrast of university students studying locally reduces the con?ation of the unique difficulties of international student. As a result, the differences in plagiarism attitudes between local and Asian international student can more be assigned to cross-cultural differences in attitudes and understandings of plagiarism (Maxwell, Curtis, ; Vardanega, 2006).
1.1 Rationale for researchThe different cultural background student has very different opinions and perceptions of plagiarism. A recent different study shows that cross-cultural attitudes towards plagiarism often local and Asian international students studying at Australia universities (Maxwell, Curtis, ; Vardanega, 2006; Ehrich, Howard, Mu ; Bokosmaty, 2016). For instance, Ehrich, Howard, Mu ; Bokosmaty (2016) compare the plagiarism attitudes of Chinese and domestic undergraduate students at an Australian university shows that the majority of students in both groups have strong attitudes against plagiarism.
However, Wheeler, (2014) suggest that international students essentially students with Asian background are mainly at high risk of plagiarism due to the culture and language barrier. Devlin and Gray, (2007) also state that international students must overcome some educational background and language difficult which leads to students to plagiarism behaviors. The educational background including repetition and memorization of information have leads in many Asian students to have some difficulties with the concept of plagiarism (Wheeler, 2014). Due to these cultural and educational factors, Asian students’ views about literary rehearsal are relatively different compared to local student cultures. Moreover, Devlin and Gray, (2007) found a lower understanding of plagiarism among English second language students as compared with native English-speaking students.
As a result, many Asian students experiencing difficulties in obeying with plagiarism rule in Australia university. According to Ehrich, Howard, Mu & Bokosmaty, (2016) study, 90% of Chinese and Australian students indicated a lack of a knowledge about self-plagiarism and luck of providing the appropriate citations. The local students were found to participate in plagiarism more often than Asian international student (Maxwell, Curtis, & Vardanega, 2006). This finding was opposite what was predicted, and contrary to the findings of Maxwell et al., (2006).
There was no much difference between both group of students in the types of plagiarism they engage in (Maxwell, Curtis, & Vardanega, 2008). Moreover, there is no clear justification about why the students involve in plagiarist or academical dishonesty behaviors. There are some researches that have attributed plagiarism to several factors, including a lack of understanding of what plagiarism, fear of academic failure and lack of academical writing skill (Devlin and Gray, 2007; Wheeler, 2014). When the level of understanding increases the rate of plagiarism decrease (Maxwell, Curtis, & Vardanega, 2008).1.2 Research objectivesTo address this issue, this current study aimed to test the local and Asian international students studying in Australia universities in order to compare these students’ attitudes toward plagiarism.
The research is going to answer three main questions: i. How cultural and educational background influence students’ understanding of plagiarism?ii. What is the main reason that causes students to plagiarise?iii. Do students receive enough support regarding plagiarism from the university?1.3 Significance for researchThe result of this research will benefit academic staff to have a better understanding of student’s attitudes toward plagiarism and how to provide appropriate support to students.
Furthermore, students also are benefitted from this research to give them a good understanding of plagiarism and how they can avoid it.