Rangelands are open areas of land that are used for farming or searching. Livestock and wild animals move and graze on rangelands. Rangeland, additionally known as range, any intensive space of land that’s occupied by native nonwoody or woody plant vegetation that is touched by domestic or wild herbivores. The vegetation of ranges could embrace grass prairies, steppes (shortgrass prairies), desert shrublands, bush woodlands, savannas, chaparrals, and tundras. Temperate and tropical forests that square measure used for grazing also as timber production also can be thought of ground. Rangelands so occupy concerning 40–50 % of the surface area of the world.
The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency defines soil as “lands on that the native vegetation (climax or natural potential plant community) is preponderantly grasses, grass-like plants, forbs, or shrubs appropriate for grazing or browsing use. “The EPA classifies the natural piece of land and savannas as soil, and in some cases includes wetlands, deserts, tundra, and “certain forb and woody plant communities”. The first distinction between soil and pasture is management; rangelands tend to possess natural vegetation alongside many introduced plant species, however, all managed by grazing, whereas pastures have forage that’s custom-made for placental and managed, by seeding, mowing, fertilization, and irrigation.
1.1 TYPES OF RANGELANDS
Prairies area unit thought-about a part of the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biotic community by ecologists, supported similar temperate climates, moderate precipitation, and grasses, herbs, and shrubs, instead of trees, because of the dominant vegetation sort.
Grasslands are areas wherever the vegetation is dominated by grasses and alternative nonwoody plants.
Woodland may be a low-density forest forming open habitats with many daylight and restricted shade. Woodlands might support associate degree understory of shrubs and nonwoody plants as well as grasses.