2.1) Refugees and their ProblemsThe International migration is also one of the most important issue of the global policy program involves a huge economic, social and cultural implications in both sending and receiving countries at the movement of people across the International boundaries. According to a recently published report of Global Commission on International Migration (GCIM), there are nearly 200 million migrants internationally about 60 percent which are settled in the developed countries and the other 40 percent in developing countries.
The report informs that almost one of every 10 persons living in the developed countries as a migrant. Each year about 2.3 million migrants are coming from the less developed countries who settle in more developed countries. For this purpose if one counts the settled population in the developing countries, then the result comes out is two-thirds of their population growth in the developed countries. Besides, the main reason for increasing the migration is due to the relatives of the people who have already shifted in the developed countries. When they get settled in these countries so they call their relatives and settle with them.
Generally, migration is the last option for refugees which he/she chooses to maintain a living standard. He/she believes is not possible to acquire in the developing countries and at the same time he/she successfully responds to the significant labor needs. This is how he/she fulfills his/her desires in these countries where he/she wants shift.In the past, migrants had no difficulty to find jobs in host countries. The developed economic condition of the host countries provided the coming refugees with reasonable jobs.
People say that those were the good olden times when the economic climate, high economic growth and lower unemployment rates raised in some developed countries. It tended to be more and more concentrated around family or humanitarian migration who welcome their relatives for the job in country. In all the developed countries, migration was essentially stopped. However, the issue of labor migration arises and its impacts on economic and political developments with the rising concerns over the future of labor supply have changed the attention of policy ( KUL, Yavuz). However, Christina shares her experience about the life of refugees when she was working in a camp.
She had experienced the life of emigrants. She was working with several refugees groups in Salt Lake City and Utah. She spent her one year where she found herself amazed at their persistence and strength. She worked there with many refugees. Especially, she experienced that the refugees are faced with many barriers. Once they arrived on shores.
The biggest challenges faced by refugees in the U.S. as explained by Christina are given below.
Difficulty in speaking and learning EnglishChristina Nunez’s country, the United States is not known for being multilingual. Suppose when the immigrants arrived in the U.S. They were unable to speak English. They tried to get a job, wanted to make friends or even complete basic tasks like buying food but they cannot got due to language.
Many refugees and immigrants took ESL classes (English as a Second Language) but finding the time between jobs and caring for kids was difficult.Raising children and helping them succeed in schoolOne of the biggest difficulties in refugees for parents is raising their children in a new country and unfamiliar to culture. As perspective to school, parents often feel disappointed to see their children struggling to keep up in class. Many parents report oppression and discrimination as a result of cultural differences. Kids are often placed by their age rather than by their ability and for those who are not able to speak English. It is practically impossible to continue.
Parents have not the education or language skills to help their children. They may not be able to communicate with ability to address the problem.Securing workThe securing work is also problem for refugees, when they first enter the country. Most refugees are happy to know that they can get jobs as are available in every field of life. They find a job and slowly move up the step. Where as, undocumented immigrants are ignored. The problem is that they cannot think like labor. Refugees and immigrants who are educated and who formerly have good jobs in their homeland.
It was observed that they were frustrated that they could not obtain the same jobs in the U.S. In the U.S. working experience is preferred for the employment and certifications gained in one’s own country are not accepted outside. That’s why it is not uncommon for taxi driver that they have formerly worked as an educator or engineer. Securing HousingAs perspective to Christina, in the U.
S. the safe place is hardly found and affordable housing is so expensive. One can just imagine, the issue of having low paying jobs that they cannot buy own house. For that reason, large families often choose to live together but noisy environments are hardly conductive to studying or spending life. In Utah, for instance, she worked with a group of Karen refugees from Myanmar who were forced to live in apartments. However, it is very strange that still in 2017, even the elected government and the army in Myanmar has also forced a large number of people to flee their homeland. The families would be forced to pay an expensive fee to have them who removed from country.
The landlord would also attempt to charge them additional fees.Transportation and Cultural barrierLike language barrier, trouble with transportation is an issue that affects nearly every aspects of life of refugee. Some lucky families have one car to share among them but getting kids to and from school. As well as getting adults to and from work can be challenging.