4.1.7Training status of fish farmers in fish cultureYearly totalfish claim is 2.45 million MT and per capita fish necessity is 18.
00 kg peryear for the people of Bangladesh. But the up-to-date consumption is 16.69 kgthis has got a negative impression on the health condition of our people(Kausar, 2009). Bangladesh had to overwhelm these complications very urgently.Various government and non-government organizations are trying to enhance fishproduction through training program. Training is one of the necessary tools toimprove fish culture. The survey shows that 35 percent farmers are trainedwhile 65 percent are not trained. 4.
1.8 Pond Ownership Socio- economic appearances of the fish pond owners usually influence theextent of utilization of their ponds and the availability of the pond owners.So, a brief explanation of those features and their influence on pond fishproduction is vital. In the present study 83.75% ponds were personal ownership and16.25% ponds were under lease.
4.1.9 Annual income of farmers from fishsales.The socio-economic rank of a fish farmer ismeasured by income level.Khan et al.(1998) stated that levels of family income are important economic factoraffecting utilization of pond fish farming. In the study, it was found that 40%of the farmers were included in annual profits level of Tk.
50000 or below whichis the highest frequency.There are 26.25% farmers have income level is between 50000-100000;about 23.75% farmers have incomebetween 100000-200000 and only 10% farmers have income above 300000 taka.4.1.
10 Fishfarming practices used by farmersA figure of aquaculturepractices are used in Bangladesh. Datain the table 6 showed that 15% of the fish farmers practices monoculture while73.75 % of the farmers practice polyculture.Generally most of themonoculture referrer farmers use monosex tilapia under monoculture practice. Polyculturein ponds is the leading production system for most part of the country. In the survey studied are found that 11.25%of fish farmers practice integrates fish farming that is combination of fishproduction with crops like as rice-fish culture4.1.
11Sourcesof information for fish farmersThe sourcesof information that they were providedis presented in Table 4.8. The aquaculture information forculture practice,23.75% of respondents got their information from extensionagent. Majority(57.50 %) ofrespondents got their information from friends/ farmers.
11.25 % of respondentsgot their information from mass media. From literature5% of respondents got theirinformation and 2.5% got internet. The source and extent of wateraccessible are the most main factors to consider when choosing a location foran aquaculture facility. Many unwanted chemical and ecological factorsassociated with certain fish farms can be traced to require of surroundingsinformation on the resource of water used. There are six categories of watersources for fish culture.
These are rivers, wells, surface runoff, ground waterand municipal water. In the surveyed area most of the fish farmer depends onrain water. There was no stream. In the dry season farmer uses ground water forrun to the course of fish culture. Availability of wateris very important for fish culture activities. Based on the availability of thewater, the ponds were grouped into two categories; a) availability of the waterthroughout the year and b) seasonal ponds.
The study revealed that79% of theponds contained water throughout the year and only 21% pond possess water for aperiod of 6 to 8 month of the year (Fig. 4.4).