4000302260center 3300095000 42000317500088000940879545000019043651000125IBS220Cross cultural managementPrepared by:Rubal (1108773)Gurvinder kaur Jatana (1102023)Manjot kaur (Karandeep singh (1107495)Submitted to: Farhang Afshar 00IBS220Cross cultural managementPrepared by:Rubal (1108773)Gurvinder kaur Jatana (1102023)Manjot kaur (Karandeep singh (1107495)Submitted to: Farhang Afshar Group Assignment 1. 2. Hofstede cultural dimension model is a background in the interest of cross cultural communication populous by Geert Hofstede.
It defines the results of a society’s values of its member and the way in which these values link with action having a formation resulting from thought opinion. (Hofstede, 1983). The three Hofstede cultural dimensions apply on Australian and East Asian culture are as follows:Power distance: The level in which fewer dominant members of society and organization inside a country assume and agree to take that power is distributed inequitably. (Hofstede insights).Australian scores are limited in this dimension because within Australian association, hierarchy is recognized for suitability, managers are always open, and they depend on different workers and teams for their competence. Both managers and workers understand to be accessed and information is shared on a regular basis. Simultaneously, communication is straightforward, unambiguous and engaging.
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Japanese are always aware of their hierarchic opinion in all societal ambience and perform appropriately. Some newcomers enjoy Japan as enormously hierarchic due to their institution proficiency of conscientiously slow decision-making procedure. Individualism: This can be defined as the strength of interrelationship between a society keeps amongst associates. (Hofstede insights).
Australian culture is an extremely individualist culture which explains right into with a loose knot society in which the expectancy is that individuals take care of themselves and their instantaneous families. Japanese culture dos not have prolonged family structure which arrange a base of more collectivistic cultures such as Korea and china. Japan has been an oppressive culture and the last name and resource was changed from the father to his first-born son. Masculinity versus femininity: this defines as how man’s role in country outweigh the women’s role in country. Australia’s goal is just to win, they don’t consider what needs to be done by men and women. They share their work among themselves equal.
In japan, MAS (masculinity v/s femininity) ratio is high. So, in japan it’s hard for women to work in office as its more hierarchal, they have more and tough masculine values and behaviors.3. In an organization, environment is created by participants from different countries who interact with each other having different viewpoints, different norms and values. Participants share it with different employees within an organization. In another words, different levels of management in an organization having different nationality, share their values and business practices which helps to make business successful.
Australia is multi-cultural continent in which people come from other countries to do businesses, but Australia is filled by more growth of Chinese economy and china depend on Australia for their natural relationship while china helps Australia in development of the art and sophisticated service sector to vast it. Australia have solid feeling of independence and Australia’s business culture reflects the characteristic of business of a particular organization.East Asian countries like china, japan and Korea have different business cultures as well.
South Korea is failed to do the business with different countries, one of the main reasons for that is culture. South Korea is surrounded by the key attitude of Confucianism which occur as an economic miracle. If any country wants to do business with Korea, it’s better to know the structure of local companies of Korea and to whom should speak while doing business. Japan has one of the completely traditional way of doing business. It is beneficial to do business with japan because many foreign companies come in japan to do the business and got success as well. Japan is innovative and traditional because of their culture. It takes time to understand Japanese colleagues, skate holders and companies’ procedures.4.
Confucianism and Hinduism may seem same but they are totally different from each other. Most of the Indian people follow the Hindu religion and it is the oldest religion in the world and contains many gods in it. The main goal of Hinduism is break the cycle of birth and death and gain moksha by living good life which results in good karmas.
There are many holy books in Hindu culture but the main holy book is Bhagavad Gita. Hinduism have many gods and all gods have different looks and have different names. The two main gods which people believe the most are Krishna and Shiva. Krishna is treated as a child which play with its flute and people seems him as prince whereas Shiva is treated as god of destruction which has four arms and covered by snakes all around. Yoga and meditation are the two ways to became healthy and helps in having peaceful environment in Hinduism. Confucianism was developed by Confucius which is the Chinese teacher.
The main goal of Confucianism is Humanity and always focus on their ethics. The people mainly who are influenced by Confucianism are Chinese people. The Confucius people are very honest and the things which is totally different of Confucianism from Hinduism that they don’t have any god. The main goal of Confucianism is to gain knowledge and became a good person. Confucius believe that humans are naturally good and the similar things in which Confucianism and Hinduism believe that always respect and follow your elders and their ancestors should guide them everything.Reference listHofstede, G.
, 1983. National cultures in four dimensions: A research-based theory of cultural differences among nations. International Studies of Management & Organization, 13(1-2), pp.46-74.Hofstede, G.
, 2010. Geert Hofstede. National cultural dimensions.https://www.hofstede-insights.com/country-comparison/australia,japan/