4000310515center12/8/2018 330009500012/8/2018 420003263900880008851265Student I

April 27, 2019 Critical Thinking

4000310515center12/8/2018
330009500012/8/2018
420003263900880008851265Student I.D: 11666452
Word Count: 1420
450000Student I.D: 11666452
Word Count: 1420
420003263900175001760220Atlanta’s Cyber AttackAssignment # 01: Three Distinct Perspective of Applied Ethics450000Atlanta’s Cyber AttackAssignment # 01: Three Distinct Perspective of Applied Ethics

1. Introduction
Morals is the branch of learning that arrangements with the ethical standards. Moral convictions shape the manner in which we live-what we do, what we make and the world we make through our decisions. Morals isn’t only an activity for the thinkers and learned people. It is at the center of regular day to day existence. One method for sorting the field of morals is by recognizing its three branches, one of them connected morals. Connected Ethics worried about the investigation of specific good issues in private and open life. There are three alternate points of view that are connected to morals and digital morals: proficient, philosophical and sociological. In this article, these three viewpoints are utilized to break down the moral issues engaged with the case ‘The Atlanta Cyber Attack’ which was held in March 2018, causes in excess of 33% of 424 programming programs utilized by the city have been halfway impaired or tossed disconnected in this occurrence.

2. Professional Ethics Perspective
Issues of ethical responsibility in the ICT workplace are at the forefront of discussion whilst discussing professional ethics perspectives. Tavani (2013, p.18) states that ‘professional ethics issues typically involve concerns of responsibility and obligation affecting individuals as members of certain profession’.

Before the digital assault on Atlanta, the city got long stretches of alerts about security shortcomings. Additionally, the city’s free inspector cautioned that the data innovation office ‘as of now doesn’t have financing for business coherence and fiasco recuperation designs.
Another inspector discharged in January found that the branch of Atlanta Information Management and the Office of Information Security routinely distinguished vulnerabilities in the city’s system yet not the underlying drivers.

As indicated by a 2017 rundown of representatives in the branch of Atlanta Information Management, just two of the division’s 154 workers had the word security in their titles. This is additionally the reason of absence of security experts aim this assault.
In any case, a few digital security exchange experts lately have featured how these urban areas are particularly helpless against assaults in light of enormous related PC frameworks that continually speak with each other and regularly are not tried for shortcoming before sent.

FBI received 2673 complaints in 2016. Suspected group known as ‘SAMSAM’ has extorted more than $1 million dollars in 2018. FBI advices against paying ransom and paying is no guarantee that data will be returned. The hackers demand $51000 dollars to unlock the system.

3. Philosophical Ethics Perspective
From this perspective, cyberethics is a field of philosophical analysis and inquiry that goes beyond professional ethics (Gotterbarn).

Moor (1985), defines that the analysis of the nature and social impact of computer technology and the corresponding formulation and justification of policies for the ethical use of such technology.

But the question is ‘Why ransomware attack target local governments like Atlanta?’
For this situation, the primary good issue is that the natives of Atlanta were weak to do the city framework subordinate obligations like paying stopping tickets and utilities bills. Numerous city benefits down, including database and wifi. A long time of information crushed. The city burns through million dollars in recouping administrations.

As per an overview report directed by the Journal Constitution and Channel 2 Action News, the residents could cost around $18 million dollars from this digital hostile that battered the city of Atlanta in March 2018.
With a cost of around $18 million dollars, this Ransomware assault is a standout amongst the most costly influenced by any nearby power in the United States in the year 2018.

4. Sociological Ethics Perspective
The Atlanta digital assault has had a more genuine effect on the city’s capacity to convey essential administrations than already comprehended, a city official has said that an extra $9.5 million to help pay for recuperation costs.

After this assault, a request has been given to the city workers to close down their PCs to cutoff an infection from becoming through a system and encoded information. A digital indecent gathering charge that the city pays it $51,000 in bit coins. The bureau of watershed was just ready to pick up the installments at City Hall, and the city court had no chance to get of acquiring the installments for activity tickets.

According to the confidential report, the vast majority was paying for security services and software upgrades, while the city will pay about $1million dollars for new desktops, laptops, smart phones and tablets.

Ransomware attacks like the one that paralyzed Atlanta’s city government, says Cybersecurity expert Cesar Cerrudo. City leaders everywhere should understand this threat, he says— and how it could have been a lot worse.

The debilitate cyber-attack from a shocking hacker group known as SamSam has essentially enforced an ambitious smart city to turn back to pen and paper, says Mayor of Atlanta, Keisha Bottoms. For more than a week, one of America’s largest cities has been caught in a ‘security situation’.
With help from the locally based security firm Dell Secure Works, Atlanta has since recovered some of its services, including its 311 website, which resumed accepting online service requests. The deadline for the city to pay up may soon expire. SamSam typically gives its victims about a week. Yet as of this writing, the city remains mum on whether it has given in to the hacker’s demand.

5. Conclusion
What are the lessons to be learned from this incident?
The first lesson is that we should start educating the people, the politicians and the other key decision makers that cyber security is important, and why it is important. If people don’t understand this, then no one will invest in cyber security and almost nothing will change. And you have to actively invest in security; it’s not something you do once and it’s safe. There is no time to waste, because after this attack, another can happen today or tomorrow. It’s nothing that’s going to go away. It will only get worse, not better.

And in some ways, that’s because cities are racing to become “smart”?
When a city plans to acquire new technology, they do a lot of functionality testing. They will test if the technology is strong, if it can scale, but they do almost no security testing. So they acquire one technology and deploy without making sure that it’s secure enough so that it won’t be hacked. And that’s a big problem, because that means that every day you do that with different technologies you creating more possibilities for an attack. We keep using more and more technology, and as our dependence on it grows, so do the attack surfaces, if we deploying insecure technologies.

So what are the roles that different levels of government can play here?
There should be federal regulations requiring technology providers to follow basic security practices (if they are selling to governments). They have to say, invest in cyber security and have default protection against cyber-attacks. Otherwise vendors can lie. We have seen that cities ask vendors if their product uses encryption and authentication technology, and the vendor will say yes. Maybe it’s lying, but even if it’s not, the protection is very easy to hack.

Security programs are extremely important for assessing new innovation. We should ensure that the assurances of security are in safe hands, and that it can be refreshed effectively at whatever point required. At that point we ought to have numerous plans to how to react these assaults, with quite certain projects for each office, a similar way urban areas have crisis activities for things like quakes. However, that is generally not the situation. There is a need a particular lineup to partner safety efforts crosswise over associations, particularly with the across the board acknowledgment of new innovation.

For Atlanta, they had a hard lesson and will probably start investing in better security. I’m not sure about other cities, may be they will take notice. In general, what happens is that you don’t pay attention until you have water up to your neck.

The thing about huge cyber-attacks on cities is that they may not be happening regularly, but it’s not because they are difficult or impossible. It’s just a matter of skills, effort, and time to do it. The possibilities are there. The vulnerable technology is out there. So it’s just a matter of time that someone decides to do it.

6.References
i. https://www.citylab.com/life/2018/03/atlanta-city-hall-cyber-attack-ransomware-cesar-cerrudo/556703/ii. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x0lCLWaipbkiii. Tavani, H.T. (2013). Ethics and technology. Controversies, questions, and strategies for ethical computing. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.