A major detail of the Parthenonwhich makes it the highlight of Greek culture is the architectural geniusbehind the making of the temple. The constructions of this time were soinfluential that “the architecture of ancient Greece became the base ofvirtually all architectural developments in Europe” (“Greek Architecture”). One of thesebrilliant architectural details is the shape of the roof of the Parthenon. The Greeksinvented what was known as an entablature (“Greek Architecture”), which gave the roof aninverted V-shape. This idea had never been used before the Greeks and this roofshape can even be seen today on the roofs of churches, houses, and other buildings.
This sets the Parthenon into the period of Greek culture because this templewas one of the very first buildings to ever have this roof shape and it wasbecause no one before the Greeks came up with this new technological innovationor integrated it into their structures. Another architectural staple of theGreeks was the use of columns on the exterior of the Parthenon. The cornercolumns were built 1/40 of an inch wider than and slightly closer to thecolumns.
The reason for this was because the columns which were not on the fourcorners had the background of the interior of the Parthenon, therefor there wasno optical illusion that altered the shape of the columns. However, the cornercolumns were set against the blue sky and there it tricked one into thinkingthat these columns were thinner and farther away from the columns around them. Thus,to compensate for this difference, the architects made these pillars slightlythicker and a little closer to those around it (Sakoulas, “The Parthenon”). After this, otherbegan to see that optical illusions such as this could be made to alterbuildings and we see this similar optical illusion today in houses that havebeams across the ceiling to make the room look taller or putting big windows tomake a room look more spacious.