A common genetic disorder called Parkinson’s disease (alsoknown as PD) is a movement disorder that affects the brain. The sole cause ofthis disorder is having abnormal genes. However, some cases are the result offamily members who may have passed on the disease throughout reproduction. Throughout a person’slife with Parkinson’s disease, they will experience issues regarding theirmobility. Common knowledge of PD may suggest that this disorder passes fromgeneration to generation, but this simply is not true in most cases. Generally,Parkinson’s disease effects ages older than fifty-years-old, however, it canoften affect as early as age thirty, but other factors could cause thisdisorder to become present. With extensive research, medical specialists havediscovered that being exposed to certain chemicals make the likelihood ofexperiencing symptoms of PD more prominent. The genes that makeup PD arePARK1-PARK11, and range from autosomal dominant, and autosomal recessiveranging from causes.
Regardless of the cause, activities such as walking andtasks that require a steady hand become difficult the more severe the diseaseis, or as the person ages. While the disorder makes daily tasks difficult forthose who suffer from it, the disease is not fatal. While Parkinson’s has nocure, there are many different options to suppress the symptoms. These optionsinclude certain medication, therapy, and surgery.This specific genetic disorder comes hand and hand with manydifferent symptoms. The symptoms can be easily remembered using the acronym”TRAP”, which explains the most common features of this disorder. Thefollowing quote further explains what “TRAP” means in detail:”There are four cardinal features of PD that can be grouped under theacronym TRAP: Tremor at rest, Rigidity, Akinesia (or bradykinesia) and Posturalinstability. In addition, flexed posture and freezing (motor blocks) have beenincluded among classic features of parkinsonism, with PD as the most commonform” (Jankovic 368).
The most common symptom experienced by a patientwith Parkinson’s disease is tremors, which is random spasms in different limbs.Other symptoms may include stiff muscles, aching muscles, slow moment, unsteadyfacial muscles, weakened throat muscles, difficulty in walking, and keepingbalance. These symptoms occur due to thelack of dopamine in the brain.
The regions in the brain that are affected arethe cerebral cortex and the basial ganglia. In conclusion, this disorder causes lots of issues forpatients as they age, and for some younger patients. There are certain remediesto help these people maintain a normal lifestyle, but unfortunately, there isno ultimate cure.