a (Bloh, 2010). The researcher states that

a study was conducted in order to discover if training can improve the lack of self-control that children with ADHD exhibit. The article states that lack of self-control is associated with impulsive behaviors, which in turn can causes individuals to not consider the consequences of their actions (Bloh, 2010). The researcher states that there has been previous research done to increase self-control by implementing delayed reward training. The researcher aimed to discover whether self-control training in ADHD participants would increase the time they would wait for a reward. In addition, the researcher aimed to discover if the desired behavior of the participants increased due to being in a controlled setting (Bloh, 2010).
In order to discover whether self-control training is effective a multiple baseline study was conducted. The study consisted of three African American children, Richard (Medicated), Bob (Not-medicated), and Vincent (Not-medicated) who lived in foster care. There were three baselines in the experiment: natural baseline, choice baseline, and a self-control baseline (Bloh, 2011). In each baseline experiment the children were separated from each other. The natural baseline asked each child to choose a food related reinforcer, which was placed on the table in front of each child. Each child was told to wait as long as possible before eating and once they could not wait any longer they were able to eat the food. The time that each child waited was timed and recorded, and was used as a comparison later on in the self-control training baseline (Bloh, 2011). In the choice baseline each child was given an option of receiving a smaller reward immediately, or receiving a larger reward but would require them to wait for it. The amount of time the participant had to wait if they chose the larger reward was six times as long as their natural baseline (Bloh, 2010). The choice baseline experiment ended after the child chose the larger reward and waited the required time for four sessions (Bloh, 2010). In the self-control training participants were asked if they want their small reward now or a larger reward after they played a game. If the participant chose the larger reward they would play a puzzle game for four sessions. The time that each session took would increase by 6 seconds for Vincent, 10 seconds for Richard, and 3 seconds for Bob, until all four sessions were completed and the child received their reward (Bloh, 2010).
Based on the study conducted, the results showed that each child chose the larger reward over the smaller reward in each of the baselines. However, they did show an increase in self-control from the self-control training. These results mean there could have been possible limitations in the study such as the participants were not impulsive when this study began (Bloh, 2010). This study takes us beyond our current knowledge of self-control in the sense that results may not follow stereotypes. Although the stereotype tells us that the children will impulsively chose the immediate reward, that is not always the case.


I'm Casey!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out