Application of Technology in Nursing and Patient Education
Application of Technology in Nursing and Patient Education
Technology has been widely integrated in patient education with continuous improvements happening every day. There are teams in the healthcare sector, which are responsible for determining new developments and innovations, which can be introduced in patient education from time to time (Billings & Halstead, 2016). Healthcare technology may involve the software aspects, hardware, or other devices, which are used in the process of patient education, which is, may be used to monitor and educate patients. Healthcare technology helps in improving the quality of healthcare services provided to patients, which is the main objective of healthcare facilities (Billings & Halstead, 2016). Success in the healthcare industry has been attributed to the development and advancement of technology, which has transformed the healthcare industry especially in nursing and patient education. Patient outcomes are ultimately affected by healthcare information technology in the current times as most healthcare processes largely rely on technology for their implementation (Billings & Halstead, 2016).
Use of Information Technology for Patient Education
Information technology involves the use of systems, which include computers, and telecommunication devices to store, retrieve, and send information (Grando, Bates, & Rozenblum, 2015). Nurses are responsible for patient education since they are the point of contact to patients in the delivery of healthcare services. Patient education is important in disease prevention and overall improvement of the health status of all patients. Technology gives more control and empowers patients in the process of patient education (Grando, Bates, & Rozenblum, 2015). Due to the advancement of healthcare systems, it is important that nurses are trained on how to implement the new systems in patient education. This will enable the nurses to educate patients on the complex aspects of healthcare, which will enable the patients to manage their own health. Using computers can improve the quality of healthcare as they provide safe, efficient, and timely services, which is important in promoting patient care (Grando, Bates, & Rozenblum, 2015).
Patients are able to access healthcare information through an easier and a faster process, which will lead to improved outcomes. Information systems are also important in improving communication between patients and healthcare providers, which is important in sharing important information to increase the efficiency of the patient education (Grando, Bates, & Rozenblum, 2015). Through the advancement of technology in patient education, patients are able to actively participate in patient education as they are more informed which enables them to participate in the decision-making process (Grando, Bates, & Rozenblum, 2015). Information technology also provides important tools, which focus on the management of certain diseases and improving the overall wellness of the patients. With the development of interactive information, technologies, which include mass media devices such as the television, have now been integrated into healthcare systems, which help in increasing knowledge to patients about certain health related issues (Grando, Bates, & Rozenblum, 2015).
Significance of Information Technology
Information technology plays an important role in replacing the traditional forms of patient information, which include videotapes, face-to-face communication, and brochures (Finkelman & American Nurses Association, 2017). Computer based information technology has many benefits in patient education as well as the health care facilities. Information technology also plays a role in the decision-making process by enabling the patients to be more involved in the process than the traditional process where patients were just recipients of information (Finkelman & American Nurses Association, 2017). This also allows networking, which is important in sharing healthcare information between healthcare providers. Information technology has enabled a significant change in patient education across all healthcare facilities with new information being accessible via the internet using computers (Finkelman & American Nurses Association, 2017).
With the use of information technology, simulators and virtual reality aspects can be incorporated in patient education with the patients also being able to communicate with their healthcare providers while at home (Finkelman & American Nurses Association, 2017). Information technology also allows patients to have easy access to information and be able to contribute in the process. Patients can discuss with other colleagues on different matters of healthcare vie net conferencing which can improve the process. This also allows up-to-date information relating to different healthcare aspects to be availed and communicated to patients as well as healthcare providers involved with the responsibility of patient education (Finkelman & American Nurses Association, 2017).
Attributes of Information Technology
There are different attributes of information technology, which are responsible for the integration and implementation of system. One of the attribute includes the type of content, which can be accessed via the technology (Shachak, Borycki, & Reis, 2017). Information technology allows media such as texts, images, videos, and audio to be transferred and shared between healthcare providers and patients. This is important in the communication process, which helps in transferring knowledge between nurses and patients. However, this information requires a computer device or a smart phone to be accessed. A second attribute of information technology involves the cost attribute (Shachak, Borycki, & Reis, 2017). Setting up and upgrading information technology systems requires many resources as skilled personnel is important and a wide variety of structures as well as devices. However, after the initial implementation process, the costs involved in healthcare provision are decreased via the use of the technology (Shachak, Borycki, & Reis, 2017).
This is because of improved service delivery, which may save money in the long run. Information technology also helps in addressing the issue of accuracy, as the process is transparent and allows the patients to participate in the process (Shachak, Borycki, & Reis, 2017). Due to the continuous improvements done on the system, this increases the accuracy of the system as any glitches, which may affect the performance and outcome of the process, are addressed. Information technology also increases accessibility of important information, as patients as well as healthcare providers are able to have access to information using the computer device or their mobile phone. This increases the reliability of the system and the intended outcome (Shachak, Borycki, & Reis, 2017).
Situations in Which Information Technology Would Present Advantages as an Educational Tool
Incorporating information technology as an education tool has many advantages which include saving on cost and ensuring that available resources are adequately utilized. This is because most of the traditional systems require a wide variety of resources to enable a successful outcome (Grando, Bates, & Rozenblum, 2015). Despite the high costs of implementing information technology system in an organization, it helps in better achieving the goals of the education process. Information technology can also be used for more than one purpose, which is an advantage to an organization. Besides the technology application being used to provide information and examples of education materials, this system can also allow patients as well as healthcare providers to access the information at any time of the day (Grando, Bates, & Rozenblum, 2015). This information is also updated every time increasing the reliability of the information. This can help in saving a large number of patients by addressing a large number of patients on how to improve their health status by addressing some of the infectious and chronic diseases (Grando, Bates, & Rozenblum, 2015).
Situations in Which Information Technology Would Present Disadvantages as an Educational Tool
A disadvantages of using information technology as an educational tool is the high cost of implementing the system (Shachak, Borycki, & Reis, 2017). The system requires many resources to set up which may negatively affect the organization in availing other important resources. Information technology can also be used for the wrong reasons due to the freedom and access, which comes with it as it is difficult to implement regulations on these systems (Shachak, Borycki, & Reis, 2017). Information technology also limits the human thinking process, which is important in increasing knowledge as individuals become lazy and reduce their efforts to learn which may negatively affect the outcome of the patient education (Shachak, Borycki, & Reis, 2017).
Relating the Use of Information Technology to the Appropriate Professional Standards and Competencies
The use of information technology application is important in the current generation due to the advancement in technology, which allows an easier education process (Ayala, Dganit, Lilac, & Wang, 2016). Nurses and other healthcare professionals involved in patient education should be well prepared in integrating information system in their programs, which will avoid incompetence in the application of the technology in the healthcare system (Ayala et al., 2016). Nurse educators should be well informed on the technology application, which will improve the healthcare outcomes (Ayala et al., 2016). This can be achieved by updating and developing academic courses relating to the nursing program as information technology is a powerful as well as a valuable tool which in important in supporting the learning process. If the nurse educators do not accept and prepare for the integration of information technology into the learning process, it will not have the desired outcome (Ayala et al., 2016).
Ayala, G., Dganit, S., Lilac, L., & Wang, S. (2016) Integrating Information Technology’s competencies into academic nursing education–An action study. Cogent Education, 3:1.
Billings, D. M., ; Halstead, J. A. (2016). Teaching in nursing: A guide for faculty. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier.
Finkelman, A. W., ; American Nurses Association. (2017). Teaching IOM/HMD: Implications of the Institute of Medicine and Health ; Medicine Division reports for nursing education. Silver Spring, Maryland: American Nurses Association.
Grando, M. A., Bates, D. W., ; Rozenblum, R. (2015). Information technology for patient empowerment in healthcare. Berlin: De Gruyter.
Shachak, A., Borycki, E., ; Reis, S. P. (2017). Health professionals’ education in the age of clinical information systems, mobile computing, and social networks. London: Academic Press.