As of March 2017, there are currently 13operational HRSs in the UK, while some arereserved for University or research purposes 49. Two types of FCVs are available for purchase in the UK: Hyundai ix35 FCV and Toyota Mirai. Toyota UK announced that 28 Mirai vehicles had been registered in the UK as of March 2017since its launch in 2016 49.
Table 19 shows BEV and PHEV stock in the UK from 2012to 2016.Table 19. BEV and PHEVstock in the UK (2012-2016) 19 Year Number of BEVs and PHEVs (thousands) 2012 5.
59 (82% BEV, 18% PHEV) 2013 9.34 (78% BEV, 22% PHEV) 2014 24.08 (58% BEV, 42% PHEV) 2015 48.51 (43% BEV, 57% PHEV) 2016 86.42(36% BEV, 74% PHEV) UK’s EVcumulative sales target by 2020 is 0.5 million EVs 22.
The UK has no target for the number ofFCVs sold 50.NorwayNorwayalongside Denmark are the two countries in the world with the highest new carpurchase taxes 9. Generally,incentives in Norway for supporting the deployment of EVs are strongerthan incentives in countries such as France, Japan,and the USA 9 which led to Norwayhaving the highest electric car penetration among all countries 19.FCV purchases inNorway are exempt from purchase tax (whichcan be as high as 100 % for petrol cars) and also zero value added tax (valued to 25 %) 51.FCV owners can also enjoy low annual road-tax (10 % of normal value), freepublic parking, access to bus/taxi-lanes and free passing through toll-roads 51.The same incentives are also available for BEVs 19.However, the Government and regional politicians have started to reduce thebenefits for BEVs and warned that thesesupports would be gradually phased out 51.
Development of HRSs in Norway has benefited from government support. The HyNorproject in Norway was a joint industry initiative to demonstrate the real-lifeimplementation of a hydrogen energy infrastructure across Norway 52. Thisproject was a public-private partnership 53.
Norwayalso provides public funding for deployment of fast-charging stations every 50km (on average) on main roads and at the same time contributes to deploymentincentives for public chargers 19.As of October 2017, there are 6 HRSs in Norway 54. Table20 shows the number of accessible slow and fastchargers in Norway.Table 20.
Number of accessiblechargers in Norway 19 Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Publicly accessible slow chargers 3688 4511 5185 5289 7105 Publicly accessible fast chargers 58 144 249 698 1052 Total 3746 4655 5434 5987 8157 As of October 2017, there are about 80 FCVs inNorway 54. Table21shows BEV and PHEV stock in Norway from 2012 to 2016. Table 21. BEV and PHEV stock in Norway (2012-2016) 19 Year Number of BEVs and PHEVs (thousands) 2012 9.89 (97% BEV, 3% PHEV) 2013 20.37 (97% BEV, 3% PHEV) 2014 44.21 (95% BEV, 5% PHEV) 2015 84.
18 (86% BEV, 14% PHEV) 2016 133.26 (74% BEV, 26% PHEV) Uno-X Hydrogenhas the target to build 20 hydrogen refueling stations in Norway by 2020through H2-20 project 55.In Norway, there are also regionaltargets for the number of FCVs and HRSs. Oslo-Akershus region targets to haveat least 350 FCVs by the end of 2018.
By 2025 the region is also targeting tohave a sufficiently established HRS network which forms a basis for a nationaland Nordic infrastructure for FCVs. The target for the number of FCVs will be over 10,000 56.Norway’s target for the number of EVs is50,000 by 2018 22.