CHAPTER- want to start its operations in

The business improvement plan is designed to set up a brand new enterprise as an entrepreneur. On this regard, its miles required that a detailed commercial enterprise proposal plan be made to analyze the possibility in upcoming future. Therefore, introduction of an in depth marketing strategy allows offsetting the cost factors. It consequently allows the proprietors and bosses of employer to present an idea approximately industry extensively. It additionally allows to talk the business goals to personnel and lays path for destiny selection making (bangs, 2002).
Furthermore, it is far beneficial if an entrepreneur accepts the making of business plan as there may be a demand to take advices from professionals, consultants and others to gain success. The procedure allows in thinking about all the opportunities and chance that are relate to the enterprise concept that offers a guiding principle for fruitful selection making. An excellent commercial enterprise inspiration additionally aids in procedure of correct investment making. For this reason, the prevailing scheme has been drafted for Sowaid trading business enterprise who want to start its operations in Yemen.
1.2. Chosen scenario Yemen is country, which has many source and is located to the red sea .As well due to the line trade internationally. Yemen is known as the line of the trade in period of 1800. As well, Yemeni is known with their talent with trading in the world especially in the Middle East. The population of Yemen is the factor of best trading within export and import.

1.3 entrepreneurial approach for the business.

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business development aspects are related to improvement and operations for the establishment of new business undertaking will be analyzed deeply (blackwell, 2011).This will assist to offer a distinctive business idea by using focusing on all the purposeful factors of recent business inspiration. After engaging in this inspiration following goals have to meet.

To have a detailed description about Yemen economy and current business scenario.
To analyze Sowaid trading for import and export.
To identify appropriate methods for developing new business proposal. To prepare a business plan for.

1.4 Outline of work
This project has been divided into five chapters. These include Introduction, New Business Concept, Feasibility, Business Model, and Business Plan.

Chapter one is the introduction section. Defense for the business thought, scenario ideas, goals and targets of the work and structure of the work will described.
The second chapter manages business concept. Here the business thought or idea as far as development or innovation may clarified. Aside from this idea concept, task, vision, positioning and growth expectation could be given.
Feasibility Analysis is the third area of the work and objectives to inspect the business proposition’s feasibility from various observations. They include product/service, industry/showcase, authoritative and money related plausibility.
In the fourth section business, display change can be done to seize necessities of new business setup. The model will achieve clearness on aspects like center approach, , core strategy useful resource requirements, and core skills of business
The next section deals business development change arrange for that is gotten from the plan of action while in transit to give an outline provide a blueprint on how the firm expects to work. It is going to provide an explanation for the modern role of company and destiny plans.

In the last section, practicality factor of proposed of business plan will be break down. This may verify that advertising technique is tried, evaluated, planned, checked on and inspected for the arrangement.
Concept of business is an idea protecting critical data like the product or service specs, the goal purchaser profile collectively with a unique selling and shopping for merchandise proposition handing over aggressive blessings to a company. Under commercial enterprise idea, an absolutely new product or offerings may additionally be outline as an invention interior the business line or virtually a special method to servicing with some improvements.

This section will derive the progressive employer concept in this company line sponsored through way of acceptable secondary lookup and then articulate the imaginative and prescient mission, commercial enterprise mannequin product/carrier for the proposed business company idea. The goal market, product specs or functions and the unique business value chain, all can be articulated right here on this section.

2.1 Description of the business idea
The proposed business anticipates setting up an innovative export and importing company. This firm might be named as Sowaid trading export ; import. The geographical area for business chosen to be Yemen. Yemen is a country, which is famous with it, is old line trading business internationally. Yemen was famous with it is market so Sowaid trading company principal exporter and import with different goods and with lead products which lead with marketplace. Sowaid trading company will be placed in Sanaa capital may be having its nodal workplace at Sanaa, so that it will make the technique each technical and managerial quite smooth. This can lay a possibility to analyze the general market and economic scenario that is present in Yemen is difficult. It will also provide a guiding principle approximately the price structure, staff hiring to be made within the new company
2.1.1. Target clients via definition,
marketplace can be segregated into segregated heterogeneous businesses of customer with homogeneous desires. Right here, heterogeneity exists between exceptional corporations however in the group; the needs of various customers will be same, so one can be termed as homogeneity. Figuring out the proper client base and the right product largely relies upon at the definition of the want of the customer and the goal marketplace. In Yemen, four major industries are currently. Import ; export majority of the products are exported from all the worlds such as automotive products, electrical appliance industry, furniture industry as well export coffee industry are included in this list of the firm.

2.1.3. Innovation in products by way of innovation
Which means is the improvement of novel cost for the customer by means of meeting new requirements, in articulated desires or the prevailing client base of specifications and marketplace desires in a very new form. Innovation can be integrated inside the alternate enterprise via exceptional or more powerful processes, products, technologies as effortlessly available in markets innovation is a special from invention. Innovation means the use of a higher and novel idea while invention describes creation of the new idea or method. Right here, Sowaid company objectives to obtain the customer wishes marketplace with a progressive manner. Complete system at sowaid organization will be on line including specification of product, fee consignment, enquiry, quotation putting and many others.

2.1.4. Business or ownership structure
Any new business can be involved with many organizational structures. There may be a wide range for preference. Each shape holds detailed blessings and drawbacks, which want to be measured earlier before finalizing the possession shape. Before the very last incorporation of the business, consulting have to be accomplished with an legal professional, accountant, monetary guide, banker, or different business or prison advisors if you want to determine the maximum proposed business with suitable structure.

2.2 Vision
The vision statement Sowaid Trading company as follows: “Sowaid Company intends to become the first choice for export and import among the business as well as individual customers of the domestic and locally consignment delivery, providing dependable, reliable and honorable with best quality of the products as well best price.

2.3 Mission
Project and mission of Sowaid trading company is to provide modern and remarkable brand to the business homes brought products in addition to e-commerce clients. Business customers may be served by way of the huge size enterprise agreements both domestic trades while the person customers will be served regionally. The offered offerings want to be met the requirements of superiority of alternate agreement, safe, trendy technology, specs and on time shipping combining both innovative and commonplace kinds of strong products (agrawal, 2003). Supplying the clients an impeccable provider is one of the pursuits sowaid organization strives for. A pleasant, supportive and pleasing environment can be presented to the personnel so as they experience recommended for long-time period with beautiful, boom oriented paintings environment.

2.4 Marketing and Positioning
Differences amongst the performances of companies verify with the central principle of advertising and marketing approach i.e. to obtain success over the long time, a company’s offerings and products have to be nice place at  the market (brooksbank, 1990). Via positioning, marketers try to provide an identification to the product or offerings to maintain that in the minds of their target client populace. Positioning is quite a critical factor of any commercial enterprise particularly for the service industry. It matters plenty for as it is a ways going to determine, how the customers are going to recognize it speedy growth of the local market  change, need for an environment friendly provide chain solution arises some of the corporations which can be concerned in export and import in their goods. As an end result demand for the only stop, answer companies accelerated over time. 
Setting up a business is the result of aspiration of a person to trade his or her commercial enterprise concept into truth. This is feasible by means of cautious exam of the winning level of threats and possibilities. However, era of concept is not always sufficient, as it is far essential to ensure if it is miles viable from technical, financial, legal and financial perspective. So after the idea technology and preliminary check, it is required to carry out an extensive analysis of trouble associated with feasibility so that time, money and energies are exerted in right course (Evaluating the Feasibility of Business Opportunities, 2009).

A success analysis of business mission. Primary analysis entails research conduction thru use of interviews, surveys and observations. As its miles a recognized fact that for beginning any given business widespread investment and supplementary assets can be a have to. Along with this, there is additionally a requirement of time and enough labor. As a consequence its miles a pre considered necessary to conduct an in depth studies before placing the marketing strategy (George and Bock, 2012).

3.1 Primary market research
Scientific techniques are the basis of primary studies, which has been developed by means of john Stuart Mill inside the mid-19th century and discussed this inside the e book “philosophy of the Scientific Methods”. Three strategies are to be had for carrying out a number one studies, acknowledged as the observation approach, interview method and survey approach (joseph and covelo, 2006).
Right here an interview technique has to be employed for number one facts series. An online interview approach for collection of responses from the business enterprise specialists, whilst questionnaire interview approach is used for facts collection from enterprise representatives from unexpected industries related to the industrial departments of the respective firms
3.1.1. Expert opinion interviews
a. Yemen industry. Has a brilliant future a head however now not as the cutting-edge monetary prerequisites because of war, which are no longer supporting increase of distinctive industries. All the professionals have the same opinion and have counseled making a doubtless foray into the industry.
b. The most interesting structures due to specialists of this industry type is long term sustainability, growth in the near future; developed cross the trade of the country which attract businessmen to invest in this type of trade and choose this location as preferred place.
3.2 Secondary market research
Secondary marketplace studies is described because the data that exists already and has been gathered through a few other researcher for their studies reason. It includes assessment and evaluation of present information resources. It uses assets of facts in form of presidency organizations, media, exertions unions, chambers of trade, alternate and enterprise and many others. Secondary sources of information in present case are as follows
Commercial sources
Online sources presented by different authors have been used.

Public sources
3.3 Feasibility
The time period feasibility can be defined as a sure analysis and assessment of proposed marketing strategy to decide if the given idea will fare properly inside the market on foundation of profitability and marketplace share. This allows focusing on the life of marketplace for proposed company and the investments that can be required to move ahead (nykiel, 2007).

The analysis facilitates to reply questions associated with monetary and technical components that permits you to transform commercial agency idea into fact. It addresses problems like in which and the way the commercial business enterprise will perform and what are the possibilities for fulfillment. It as a result serves as a treasured tool to increase a winning concept. Under present marketing strategy, numerous factors of feasibility in phrases of gift marketplace elegance, products or services, agency and economic factor that can be analyzed (Evaluating the Feasibility of Business Opportunities, 2009).
3.3.1 Product/service
The most necessary factor in feasibility is estimate analysis viability of business idea in conditions of proposed outcome or carrier that the firm desires to proposal to its clients. In this company, diverse questions should be solution to get a refined enterprise concept. Therefore, the given questions can be answer by explanations via primary research. It helps to provide a brief overview about the competitive scenario and presence of the product.

3.3.2 Organizational feasibility
The principle object behind organizational feasibility appraisement is to decide if the company have been given enough capabilities, understanding and resources to make sure a success marketplace get proper of entry to. This step uses perusal the no-monetary factors that can be crucial for contemporary commercial association. On this example, it’s miles essential to take into calculation troubles like control ability, presence of talent ; business employer system; sufficiency of resources; uniform power and motive, need to gain achievement
The managerial competence requirements have to be evaluate on base of essential ability set, passion and an information to start the contemporary-day mission. It is also important to examine the presence of non-economic property in shape of accessibility of technical expertise, viable of function help, frame of employee’s first-rate, familiarity with key companies, contacts with business enterprise clients, field manner.

3.3.3 Financial feasibility
Financial feasibility analysis is a very critical tool to find out the ability of concept to be looking for fund. This step is a few of the last and most critical step for feasibility assessment. This gives a glimpse of monetary merits for the proposed commercial enterprise. The preliminary capital requirement is probably as tons as one hundred thousand to 700000 USD. Profitability relies upon at the man or woman of growth.

Start Up Funds Funds
Startup Expenses to Fund 85650
Startup Assets to Fund 614350
Total Funds 700000
Table 1: Start-up Funding
3.4 Startup Summary
The startup of any business has to follow steps to make it success and more dependable with plan of the company and the structure of the firm, the following show the startup summary.

Cost Quantity Description No
6000 1 ware house rent (6 month) 1
500 1 office rent (6 month) 2
2500 1 computer system 3
60000 1 Transportation vehicles ( 2 car -2 truck) 4
3000 1 supply chain management software 5
2000 1 warehouse fixture 6
5000 office furniture 7
500 1 stationary and other item 8
1000 1 other 9
6000 salary for ( 18 person) 10
150 1 registration fee 11
85650   Total  
Table2: startup cost structure
After listing the all requirements for the company with startup cost structure, the firm have to come to the human resource structure as the following:
No Name Of staff Number of person required
1 CEO 1
2 Director Manager 1
3 Sells person 2
4 Accountant assistance 2
5 Accountant manager 1
6 Marketing 2
7 Driver 1
8 Warehouse 1
9 Cashier 1
10 Cleaning staff 1
11 Commercial staff 1
12 Archives 1
13 Human resources 1
14 Technician and engineering 3

Table4: Human Resource Structure
Thus, the startup capital required for the business set up is nearly 6000. This fund will be raised from the market through different sources of finance available in the market.
Business model version for any company is designed to discover the factors that have an impact on industrial enterprise manner of any employer. It enables to put in force industrial company techniques to feature price to clients and customers and give guarantee to stakeholders for profitability and balance of capital (Neubauer, 2011). It lets in to reply questions like
What will be the effect of external environment on happenings of business?
What should be the best response of the business to the probable changes?
4.2 SWOT Analysis of Sowaid Company
It is the base of the awareness on detailed strengths, weaknesses along with outside opportunities and threats from the outer circumstances to achieve competitive advantage. SWOT analysis of Sowaid Trading Company as given below:
Weakness Strength
Low income of citizen creative and innovation
High defendant of export market survey research and planning
Country status Increase the export and import
  Firm strong policies
Have wide technology future competition with competitor
Chance with future Require heavy investment
Wide different of export and import goods Country future status
Opportunities Threat
4.3 Business Model
Business version for sowaid trading enterprise will focus at the primary standards if you want to seize, supply and create value to clients in shape of economic, social and financial phrases. The development of a properly described version is therefore part of enterprise approach. The method enables to describe key necessities of business and helps to discover on the destiny possibilities (Hill and Jones, 2009).

4.4 Core strategy
For survival and prosperity of any enterprise in a selected enterprise, the corporations have to be capable of set a middle strategy to gain differentiation. They need to deliver customer price for money offerings and undergo in competition (George and bock, 2012). In line with challenge Sowaid Company, is to provide innovative of supply the maximum modern-day product that hold up with markets generation to clients and meet standards of superiority, safety, well-timed delivery and customization of offerings. There is sufficient scope in market and within the vicinity of on-line product. This could be carried out by developing distinction among value presented to clients and price of creating the price in contrast to rival firms.

Functional proposition
Emotional proposition
Competitive proposition
The current business installation is head by means of the decision to have a profitable entrepreneurial career and popularity for a promising enterprise idea. This is backed by way of careful investigation of the presence of entrepreneurial opportunities in the decided on marketplace. In context of marketplace and enterprise attractiveness, both are located to be profitable. The export and import area of Yemen economic system is earning 100 million dollar yearly. It’s far estimate to grow at 5.2% on an annual foundation.

Most of these activities are to be perfected in two months’ time because the proposed beginning of the export & import is via starting of June within the year 2017. The company has determined to base its operations export and import in shape of merchandise gadget and import espresso. It will also seal the parcel with custom of labels and stickers for writing the address. This can have be observed with the aid of acceptably with product quality and specification as nicely with prices of the goods as properly services after selling.

It will include both inbound and outbound supply chain administration. The inbound procedure in the event of Sowaid Trading Company shares of the organization will assistance on look after to the outside acquisition techniques. On the other hand, the outbound process will take care of all the essential activities that are required to send goods at their respective destination. Both the forms within body of evidence for Sowaid Trading Company will spread great cover success benefits of the business and give for a coordinated solution for monitor those streams for products.

Chapter 6: Conclusion
To start a business in any field has to follow steps and have to be planned with strong plan along with business requirements, such as core strategy, marketing, planning and business plan mode. Start new business has to be based on the market flow and research survey of the market. Financial needs and capital of the new business are the main resource of any plan for new business beside that Human resource are part of success.

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Chapter 1: Introduction 1.1 Background of Study Rainfall

Chapter 1: Introduction1.1 Background of StudyRainfall is the fall of moisture from the sky to the earth surface in any physical form. It is the one of the most difficult elements to predict. The liquid precipitation and rain can be different intensity such as light rain or heavy rain. It is a measure of amount of rain that falls over time. Annual maximum rainfall is an extreme occasion with hazard duration for a river basin with instant effect to agriculture, soil conservation, drainage and so on. The knowledge of annual maximum rainfall is very important for flood mitigation and water resources management. Water is vital for any life process because any living things cannot survive without the water.

The main source of water in any area is rain. The yield of crops is depends on the rainfall pattern which makes it essential to measure the probability of occurrence of rainfall from past history of hydrological data using statistical analysis. Kelantan is Malaysia’s second largest agricultural production area. There is an increasing water use for economic and industrial developments. Monsoon season is the major raining season to Kelantan which often cause reaction of watershed during precipitation-runoff process. It can results in floods, landslides, debris disasters and so on.

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An applicable probability distribution of the annual maximum rainfall is very important to reduce losses arising from these types of disasters. Rainfall analysis using probability distribution and annual maximum rainfall can enhance the management of water resources application as well as the effective usage of water resources. Those information from the analysis can be used to prevent floods and droughts, and applied to the planning and designing of water resources related engineering such as reservoir design, flood control work, drainage design, and soil and water conservation planning. In addition, the information also provide fundamental to the society to get ready for heavy rainfall events. Water resources planner, farmers and urban engineers require reliable data for the management and application of water resource strategies. Malaysia has experienced variability in rainfall for the past 10 years especially in Kelantan.

In this situation, it can expect to have increment in the frequency and concentration of extreme rainfall events. Thus, this will cause severe floods in state of Kelantan every year during the monsoon season. Flood can cause property damage and significant loss of life every year in Kelantan River Basin. Malaysia usually has two monsoon seasons such as Southwest and Northeast Monsoon. According to the weather forecast, there will be more rainfall in Northeast Monsoon where the Kelantan located in comparison to the Southwest Monsoon. Occurrence of flood in Kelantan seems to be a serious issue in the monsoon season.

Flooding due to massive rainfall not only cause damage to properties but also loss of life and serious agony to the victims. Flooding occurs when the river loses its ability to contain the water and the water overflows the river bed flood the low lying areas and adversely affecting the human settlements. 1.2 Problem StatementFloods happen annually in the east of Peninsular Malaysia and resulted in the damage to property, destruction of crops, loss of livestock and non-functioning of infrastructure facilities.

The flood in Kelantan area has become the most common natural hazard which bring a lot of harm for every time during the flood event. Citizen live in this affected area have to face with this kind of situation where they need to be evacuated and moves their private and belongings to the safe area. A change in climatic conditions stress living things by forcing their adaptation. The flood disaster is relevant to rainfall variability. There is a relationship between rainfall inputs and flood generation. Floods may be produced by high intensity of rainfall or longer duration of rainfall.

Monitoring the maximum rainfall data annually is extremely significant. This is because most of the human activity is influenced by climatic conditions. Heavy rainfall can lead to numerous hazards such as landslides can threaten human life, disrupt transport and communications and cause damage to buildings and infrastructure.

Therefore, more specific research like rainfall analysis is needed to overcome the problem in Kelantan. 1.3 Objectives of StudyThe objectives of this study are:1. To investigate the best fit probability distribution in describing the characteristics of annual maximum rainfall in a flood prone area, Kelantan River Basin.2. To determine best fit probability distribution of annual maximum rainfall in Kelantan by using different statistical analysis.

3. To determine the parameters of different probability distributions.4. To evaluate the performance of different probability distribution models based on three goodness of fit tests.5. To compare the performances of different probability distributions.

1.4 Scope of StudyThe main objective of the study is to find the best fit probability distribution and perform an analysis of annual maximum rainfall in Kelantan, Malaysia as this area had caused by heavy rainfall brought by the Northeast monsoon starting from November to March every year. Six rain gauge stations are provided having annual rainfall data over 20 years were selected to perform the rainfall frequency analysis. The daily rainfall data for a period of 20 years is used to understand normal rainfall, deficit rainfall and excess rainfall. The choice of an appropriate statistical analysis is one of the major problems in engineering practice. The selection of the best fit probability distribution is based on the highest total test scores acquired by summing up the scores of each goodness of fit test. A suitable probability distribution will provide accurate prediction of maximum rainfall for the particular year.

In this study, the five common probability distribution are used to estimate the rainfall frequency such as Beta, Gumbel, Generalized Extreme Value, Log- Pearson Type III and Weibull distribution. Probability distribution does relate the magnitude of the extreme events like floods with their number of occurrences such that their chance of occurrence with time can be predicted easily. The probability of occurrences of rainfall can be determined by fitting a probability distribution to the set of hydrological data.

The hydrological data is analysed and the variability in the data is studied from the statistical parameters in order to fit the distribution. Three goodness of fit tests like Kolmogorov Smirnov, Anderson Darling and Chi-Squared tests are used to evaluate the performances of different probability distribution as stated above.1.5 Significance of StudyThe significances of this study are as follows:1.

To contribute the research knowledge of describing the characteristics of annual maximum rainfall in a flood prone area, Kelantan River Basin.2. To assist and support the government to reduce the risk of flooding in Malaysia in the future.3. To provide insight into rainfall variability to help improve the range of climate prediction.

4. To develop a better probability distribution on the rainfall in a flood prone area which can be useful for the development of agriculture and increase the living standard of the citizen in the area.


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