DESCRIPTION OF MOVIE:
GANDHI- Gandhi is a Bollywood movie. This movie is all about Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi is traveling from India to South Africa by train in the first class compartment but he is thrown out from the train along with his family in 1983. Gandhi realized that laws are discriminatory against the Indians and then, in South Africa Gandhi decides to start a non-violent protest campaign for the rights of all Indians. After the number of imprisons and the lots of unwanted attention of the world, the government finally surrendered by recognizing rights for Indians, but although not for the local dark-skinned people of South Africa. After this victory, Gandhi is now considered something of a national hero and invited back to India. He is urged for India’s independence from the British Empire and he started his fight. Gandhi concurs, and mounts a peaceful, non-participation battle of exceptional scale, planning a large number of Indians across the nation. There are a few difficulties, for example, viciousness against the dissidents and Gandhi’s intermittent detainment. By the by, the crusade creates incredible consideration, and Britain faces serious open weight.
Mahatma Gandhi was the one of the charismatic leader and important person in Indian history as he is the only one who is considered as the founder of the nation. He was a self-made leader, he was not having any career in his life, no fame was gained by him, he was not so rich an average looking man but still, he was the father of the country. He was called as the great symbol of truth by the public of India. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule and is known for his nonviolent civil disobedience. As you see, it seems that there cannot be any room for evil in a personality like this. But like almost all public figures, there is also the untold truth about him. Charismatic leaders can transform organizations by motivating members to higher levels of commitment and performance by inspiring them with an appealing vision that is highly discrepant to an unsatisfying status quo. However, there is also a “dark side” to charismatic leaders. They can increase risk levels to organizations and threaten the well-being of members. The personalized need for power, negative life themes, and narcissistic tendencies of personalized charismatic leaders can lead to unethical and destructive behavior. Socialized (rather than personalized) charismatic leaders, on the other hand, are more likely to produce beneficial results. Safeguards to minimize the potential negative consequences of personalized charismatic leaders include effective accountability structures, viable support systems, and leader selection processes. The Christian understanding of human nature and community provides a useful perspective in developing a beneficial working relationship between the leader, the organization, and its members.
Charismatic leaders are leaders which different from other leaders in the following way that they transform associations and their individuals. They are able to articulate a vision for an organization’s future that motivates its members to extraordinary effort and achievement (House ; Howell, 1992). They can produce enthusiasm among the individuals of the organization by describing a better organizational future, by introducing new opportunities and solutions, and by connecting the needs of the members of the organization to the projected vision (Boal ; Bryson, 1988).
The charisma may be defined as a “certain quality of an individual identity, by virtue of which he is separate from normal men and treated as invested with supernatural, superhuman, extraordinary or at least specifically exceptional powers or qualities.” He proceeds with, “Men do not follow by virtue of tradition or statute, but because they believe in him.” (Weber, 1947, 358)
History of charismatic leaders
As we already know that, the 19th and 20th century was the century of charismatic leaders. In middle ages, leadership was mostly based on tradition and customs. Most people never met their leaders and leadership was legitimized by the divine right of kings, which is the reason it was both impossible and pointless to legitimize leadership by charisma.
Presently the technological revolution era has changed that. The Television, newspaper, radio, and helps leaders to transport their charisma over long separations. Politically, this prompted to a fight between systems based on legal leadership and charisma.
Our present-day globalized world and get admission to social media have promoted to another rise in charismatic leaders. On Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter, many people support leaders entirely based on their charisma.
These two waves of charismatic leaders also additionally prodded the development of charismatic leadership theory. Max Weber made this most powerful work in the 1910s and 1920s. Recently, an ever-increasing number of sociologists have again focused on charismatic leadership.
CHARACTERISTICS OF CHARISMATIC LEADER
It is a vital part of charismatic leadership. The social scenario motivates the leaders without being prompted about it. For example, as we can saw in the movie Mahatma Gandhi talk to his followers energetically when he is self-motivated. Gandhi Ji was one of them; he motivated people and put them into right path with his speech. But on the other hand, as people blindly faith Mahatma Gandhi that had put some innocent people in great trouble or some people lost their lives.
2) HUMANIST AND SOCIAL REFORMER
There were numerous indecencies in Indian society’s system. Of child marriage which resulted in the physical, good and scholarly demolish of both young men and young ladies. It likewise led to the expansion in the number of child dowagers. Due to dowry system young ladies and young men were sold and purchased. Female couldn’t get an education. They needed to live under the purdah as were precluded the benefits from claiming air, daylight and social life. What’s more, there were stations and sub-standings isolating the general public and the country into such a significant number of watertight compartments. Also, moreover, there was the arrangement of untouchability. There were millions of untouchables in the entire population of India in the North and also in the South. They were dealt with as the scorned and discouraged individuals of appealing authority is an intense type of administration since it can persuade supporters to do things they would not regularly do. The greater part of the threats to the alluring development identifies with this power.
It is troublesome for magnetic pioneers to keep up their authority. Whenever a few or the majority of their kin question their prevalent administration capabilities, they lose bolster more rapidly than different sorts of pioneers.
Appealing pioneers need to unmistakably be the most ideally equipped individual for the current task – dependably and in any circumstance. This is the reason they frequently take part in a clique of identity, smaller scale overseas, and end up impervious to feedback. To keep up their unrivaled picture, they need to settle on exceedingly critical choices, they need to think of all thoughts, and they must be associated with all aspects of the task. They are hesitant to appoint, unfit to share the spotlight, and ease back to adulate – which are all indications of awful pioneers.
In comprehensibly, the things that appealing pioneers do to keep up their energy are accurately the things that decrease it when their business, nation, or other endeavor experience issues. These issues are ascribed to the pioneer, and since their initiative depends on the presumption that they will never experience issues, their supporters start to separate themselves.
These circumstances frequently trigger forceful feelings.
At the point when charming pioneers utilize their situation to inspire their adherents to do things they would not regularly do; the supporters frequently feel deceived once they speculate that they won’t get the normal result. They respond with resistance, outrage, and detest, contingent upon their interest in the pioneer. For organizations, bloggers, and online networking identities, these improvements can without much of a stretch prompt the finish of their development.
Also, magnetic pioneers regularly in the long run take the acclaim of their devotees too truly and indicate narcissistic qualities.
They consider feedback as defiance and expect to add up to dedication. Rather than picking the best individual for a vocation, they pick the most faithful; which, thusly, harms them and their.
This propensity is lessened when a pioneer has a little after. With educators, for instance, a charming initiative style is less perilous than for an author or a performer. For specialists with a charming administration style (kid groups, for instance), a snappy ascent more often than not goes before a brisk fall India.
Charismatic leaders can have both positive and negative effects on organizations and their members. The positive effects can be sufficiently significant to warrant the risks of appointing a charismatic leader. An effective socialized charismatic leader can revolutionize an organization and inspire its members to enhanced performance. On the other hand, a personalized charismatic leader has the capacity to destabilize and damage the organization and its members because of the leader’s focus on personal advancement and interest. The positive contribution of a charismatic leader to an organization can be enhanced — and negative effects minimized — by introducing appropriate safeguards into the selection and tenure of the leader. These safeguards would need to address the accountability structure, the support system and the selection process which surround the leader. Finally, the Christian understanding of human nature and community provides a useful perspective in developing a beneficial working relationship between the leader, the organization, and its members.