Dilmun history is significant as it is the real asset of civilization. Nation in the world is known by their history and their ancient culture has substantial impacts on their lives. Dilmun is an important country in the Persian Gulf, and historically it belongs to the central point of ancient “Dilmun Civilization.
” Dilmun is an island and is a beautiful country officially known as “Kingdom of Bahrain.” It is consists of the small area nation in Asia, and it has the total area of 780 km2 in size. Dilmun is a small Arab constructional monarchy country in the Persian Gulf reason.
It is the 3rd smallest nation in Asian countries, and it consists of the small archipelago of islands. Dilmun is situated between the “Qatar Peninsula” and “Saudi Arabian Peninsula.” Dilmun is one of the top growing countries in the region and has the secure system of ruling. It has the strategic and essential place or position in the area and influence on other countries. Dilmun has the strategic location in the Persian Gulf, and its root belongs to the impact of various states.
The influencing states include the Arab states, Persians state, Babylonians, Assyrians, Sumerians, and the British State (Fuccaro, 2000). Dilmun is now a modern state and has used the advanced technology for the welfare of its people. Dilmun is located on the root of the oil-producing region and state sale billion, millions of revenue oil. Petroleum processing from the crude oil is supplying to other countries.
It is the most significant source of finance for the state in the Arabian region. Dilmun state is developing and growing in the area. Therefore, Dilmun has become the favorite place or destination for the visitors in the world. Dilmun strength is its family system, and the people have intimately touched with the religion. The real power of the people is religion, and people believe in ethic and patriotism. Dilmun state is developing the infrastructure and improving the technology level in the country (CONNAN, 1998). Geography or Location The Kingdom of Dilmun is situated between the North-Eastern coast of Saudi Arabia and Qatar Peninsula. The total size of the state is 780-kilometer square, and it geographically consists of the small archaeology of islands Dilmun Island.
It is the third smallest nation on the Asian map after the two other small countries like Maldives & Singapore. Dilmun is famous for its pearl fisheries in across the world from the 19th century. Geographically Dilmun Island is surrounded by small islands, and it has nearly 33 of the 37 islands. Dilmun is also called “the Island of Pearls.” Geographically Dilmun is also called “Middle East Lite,” and it is called as Dilmun people have retained the Persian Gulf heritage (Potts, 1993). Location Dilmun capital is Manama, and it has strategically very important for the region.
The total area of the state is 293 square miles (760 km), and the coastline length is 100 miles (161 km). Geographically the highest point in the country is “Jabal ad Dukhan” at 400 feet (122 m), and the state has the hot climate in the summer season. Geographically the land area of the Kingdom of Dilmun is 239 sq mi (619 sq km), and the total area of the country is 257 sq mi (665 sq km) (Fuccaro, 2000). Region The word “Bahrain” meaning is “Two Seas,” and geographically it consists of the archipelago of 33 to 37 islands. Most of the islands are consist of the sand and rocks. There is a causeway that connects the Bahrain with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The major city or the largest city of Bahrain is “Manamah” and is the capital of the country.
From the geographical location, it is found that nearly 92% part of the country is the desert. It consists of the low lying rocks and has sandy plains in the deserts of Dilmun. The coastal line represents the geographical situation of the country, and it is full of the salt marshes in the central & southern reaches. Therefore due to the geographic location, there is no significant or prominent lake or has any critical river in Dilmun country (Potts, 1993).
Ancient Dilmun Civilization From the ancient history, it is found that the religion of the state has been changed from time to time. From the historical analysis, it is found that religious influence present in various periods like the Persians have old religion, Sumerians have many gods, and Assyrians have many gods. It is observed that impacts of faith are visible in ancient period of Babylonians gods. The day when Portuguese captured the country and the British came with its religious missions. All the religions have the specific time or era in the region. Now Islam is the dominant religion in the Dilmun. From the ancient footsteps, it is found that end of fourth millennium BC the area of Bahrain is “Dilmun civilization.
” It is found that Kassite dynasty in Mesopotamia has links with the people of Dilmun and religious activities (Potts, 2009). Scholarly Consensus on Dilmun History of Dilmun In the old area of Kingdom of Bahrain have a significant number of people and have the route for trading with other countries. From the study, it is found that the demographic history of state varies within different ruling regions like, ü Reign of Burna-Buriash II (c. 1370 BC) ü Kassite dynasty of Babylon ü Enlil-kidinni in Mesopotamia ü Assyria (707–681 BC) ü Neo-Babylon in 538 BC.
ü Akkadian, the Third Dynasty of Ur, ü Isin-Larsa Periods (c. 2350–1800 BC) The demographic results of the state show that 50.7% Arab, 46% Bahraini and 4.7% other Arabs. It shows that state has 45.5% South Asian, 1.6% African, 1% European, and 1.
2% other nations. The demographic results of the state show that in 2016 estimate population are 1,425,171 (155th). From the 2010 census, it is has found that the population was 1,234,571 and the density is 1,626.6/km2 (4,212.9/sq mi) (7th) (MacLean, 2003). Historical scholars have found that Dilmun has ancient root and it was found that it was the central point of ancient Dilmun civilization. Sumerian Cuneiform The Dilmun history of Dilmun starts from fourth (4th) millennium BC. The goddess temple in the city of Uruk and some specific symbols like “ax” is used by the officials.
Dilmun is sometimes referred as the name “Telmon,” and it is the old name of Dilmun mentioned in different books of history. Sumerian cuneiform is a discovered mud tablet form the Dilmun, and it shows the history of the fourth millennium BC, and it belongs to the ancient city of Uruk. It is ancient and the world largest settlement of people.
It is situated on the south side of Mesopotamia, and it was about 3200 BC. The place where the sun rises In the history, Dilmun was described as “The Place Where the Sun Rises” and it is the most important thing that is associated with the history of Dilmun. The people believe that it the land where the sun rises and people worship the sun in ancient period. The Land of the Living Bahrain or Dilmun land is called the land of the living, and it is full of the challenges. From the ancient history, it is found that flood was hitting the land and it is full of the challenges to living the land. The ancient people of the Bahrain or Dilmun land love with its land and rebuild the houses and land.
Kassite Dynasty The two letters discovered shows the Dilmun history reign of Burna-Buriash II (c. 1370 BC) and the region or period was counted Kassite-dynasty of Babylon. Burna-Buriash II (c. 1370 BC) It is ancient place in Dilmun, and two letters were discovered from this place, and a region is a historical place.
It is recovered from the Nippur, and it was part of Kassite dynasty. Akkadian Akkadian is the name that is referred to the dynasty or the ruling. The ruling of the Assyrians and Babylonians shows its Dilmun age in Indus Civilizations in history (CONNAN, 1998).
The other periods were found in legislative history of Dilmun was like, ü 6th to 3rd century BC (Dilmun ruled by Persian Empire Achaemenian dynasty) ü Parthia (Politically Controlled land in 250 BC) ü In classic era, Dilmun Politically Controlled by ancient Greeks as Tylos (Greek admiral Nearchus serving under Alexander the Great) ü Ardashir I Sassanid dynasty (Three BC) ü Byzantine Empire