DisabilitiesMultitude of people with disablement citizens that in this day in age live and who are defined according to their own ideas and beliefs beyond their handicap .
Since the 1900s , the handicapped have forced to have the recognition of impairment as a feature of identity that influence an individual, not as the specific feature of a person. People with disabilities have had to battle against years of bigotry , harmful, stereotype , and unjustifiable fear . The stigmatization of disablement resulted in the social and economic generations of people with disabilities, and like many other oppressed minorities, left people with disabilities in a severe state of ruin for centuries. In the 1800s, masses with impairment were considered poor, pitiful individuals, unable to contribute to society, except to serve as a mockery object of entertainment in circuses and exhibitions. They were treated as weak-minded, and many of them were forced to become sterilisation .
Citizens with disabilities were forced to enter institutions and asylum , where many spent their entire lives. The “cleansing” and segregation of persons with disability were considered forgiving actions, but ultimately served to keep people with disabilities invisible and hide from a fearful society. The marginalization of people with disability continued until the War, when veterans with disabilities expected that the US would provide rehabilitation in exchange for their service to the nation. In the 1930s the United State saw the opportunity of many new evolutions in technology as well as in government assistance, contributing to the self-reliance and self-sufficiency of people with disabilities. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the first president with a disablement , was a great counsel for the rehabilitation of people with disabilities, but still operated under the notion that a disability was still unnormal, shameful condition, and should be medically cured or fixed. In the forties and fifties , handicapped War veterans placed a lot of pressure on government to provide them with rehabilitation and vocational education . World War II veterans disability issues were more visible to a country of thankful citizens who were concerned for the long-term of men who sacrificed their lives to secure the safety of the United States.Despite these initial developments it made towards independence and self-reliance , masses with disability still did not have access to transportation, telephones, bathrooms, and worksites with stairs offered no special appearance for people with disability who sought employment , and employers created even worse barriers.
Talented and eligible people with disabilities were locked out of chances for meaningful work. By the sixties , the civil rights movement began to take shape, and disability advocates saw the opportunity to combine forces with other minority groups to demand equal treatment, and equal opportunity for people with disabilities. The struggle for disability rights followed a similar pattern to many other civil rights movements. There were many challenging negative attitudes and stereotype, rally for political and institutional change, and the self-purpose of a minority community.
Disability field activists mobilized demanding to address the physical and social barrier facing the handicap community. Many parents were also demanding that their children be taken out of social establishments and asylums, and placed into schools where their children could have the opportunity to engage in society just like children who were not handicapped . In the 1970s, disability rights activists marched on Capital of the United States to include civil rights language the mass with disabilities into the 1972.
In 1973, the Rehabilitation Act was passed, and for the term in account , civil rights of people with disabilities were protected by law. The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504) provided peer opportunity for employment within the federal government and in federally funded programs, prohibiting discrimination on the basis of either physical or mental impairment . Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act also established the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board, mandating equal access to public services (such as public housing and transportation services) to people with disabilities, and the dispersion of money for vocational preparation . In 1975, the Pedagogy for All Handicapped Children Act was passed to guarantee equal access to public training for children with disabilities.
This act of legislation specified that every child had a right to receive education , and mandated the full comprehension of children with disabilities in mainstream education classes, unless a satisfactory level of education could not be achieved due to the nature of the child’s disability. The Education for All Handicapped Children Act was renamed to be called Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which further means the inclusion of children with disabilities into regular classes, but also focused on the rights of a parent to be involved in the educational decisions affecting their children. IDEA required that an Individual Education Plan be designed with parental approval to meet the educational needs of a child with a disablement .
In the 1980s, disability activists began consolidation of various pieces of legislation under one broad civil right statute that would protect the right hand of people with handicap , much like the 1964 Civil Rights had. The Civil Rights of 1964 prohibited discrimination on the foundation of race, religion, national origin, or gender, but people with impairment were not included under that protection. After many years of campaigning, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA ) was passed in 1990, and ensured the peer intervention and equal access of people with disabilities to engagement opportunities and to many accommodation s. The ADA intended to prohibit discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, services rendered by state and local governments, places of public accommodation, transportation, and telecommunications services. Under the ADA , patronage were mandated to provide reasonable accommodations to people with a disability (such as restructuring business or modifying work equipment), services could no longer deny people with handicap (such as public transportation systems), all public accommodations were expected to be accessible to people with disabilities, and all telecommunication services were mandated to offer adaptive services to people with disabilities. With this piece of awmaking , the US government identified the full participation, and integration of people with disabilities in all layers of society With the signing of the ADA, it placed immediate legislative demands to ensure equal access and equal treatment of with the handicap , there were still deep-rooted assumptions and stereotypical bias that was not instantly transformed right away. People with disablement still faced hatred and bias with the stereotypical depiction of people with disablement in the movies and in the media, physical barrier to schools, housing and to voting stations, and lack of affordable health care.
The promise of the ADA is yet to be fully realized, but the disablement right campaign continues to make great strides towards the empowerment and self-determination for people with disabilities. As we look on today’s society, there has been a lot of improvement to help those with disabilities. I see a lot more people with disabilities given the opportunity to make their life better with jobs and education. They ones I have encountered don’t want to be known as someone with a disability but more of someone who is capable of doing everything I am able to do.