“Don’t Treat Animals as Animals. Treat them as living beings, After all, that is what they are.” By Anthony Douglas Williams. All animals need protection because every species of animal is important and deserves only to grow its population and thrive, not decrease it and barely survive. The Canadian Arctic is home to a large variety of wildlife, including polar bears, Arctic wolves, walruses, seals, and whales! The species of arctic animals can be broken into 3 different categories based on their wellbeing. These include endangered, thriving, and extinct. Endangered Animals Arctic Animals are such beautiful creatures. Most animals in the Arctic are endangered. The first animal that comes to mind when a person thinks of Arctic Canada is the polar bear. There are only 20,000 – 25,000 polar bears left in the wild. Polar bears are named as, marine mammals due to a large amount of time they spend in the water. They are amazing swimmers and that quality helps them hunt seals. They will usually hunt ringed or bearded seals because they need a large amount of body fat to survive. Polar bears and other animals like them are in great danger due to severe climate change and lack of food. The Polar Bear lives in the southern Hudson Bay and near the David Strait. The Polar Bear is ranked as VU meaning vulnerable animals which are the first level of endangerment.The survival and the protection of the polar bear habitats are urgent issues for the world because the population is rapidly declining. Another popular animal that most people would think of that lives in the Canadian Arctic is the blue whale. There are 17 different species of whale living in the Arctic. Each one of these species is pretty well known. These 17 species include dolphins and porpoises, blue whales, gray whales, humpback whales, orcas/killer whales, Belugas, Narwhals, right whales and others. Some of these live in the Arctic year round, such as the narwhal and beluga. Others such as the humpback whale and gray whale, migrate to the cooler Arctic waters during the summer to give birth. In 1973, a law was passed called the Endangered Species Act (ESA). This law was made to help protect endangered and threatened wild animals and plants. Individuals or large organizations may be fined up to $5,000 – $10,000 if these laws are not respected, and may face up to six months imprisonment for misdemeanor violations of the Act. Felony violations may result in fines of up to $250,000 for an individual person, $500,000 for organizations, and up to two years of imprisonment. Canada is known for caring about endangered animals and protecting them. Canada is one of the only countries in the world where it is illegal to kill protected animals. Most people think that these adorable huge fat animals known as walruses are a type of seal but walruses are actually (Odobenus rosmarus) a large Arctic marine mammal with flippers, a broad head, short muzzle, small eyes, tusks, and whiskers. Scientists recognize two subspecies of walrus – the Atlantic walrus and the Pacific walrus.Walruses are cinnamon brown in color.They are able to turn their hind flippers forward to aid in movement on land.Their front flippers are large and each has five digits. Males have special air sacs that are used to make a bell-like sound. Both males and females have large tusks that are used for defense, cutting through ice, and getting out of the water. The tusks can be more than three feet long in males and about two and a half feet long in females. The worldwide walrus population is about 250,000 animals. Pacific walruses number more than 200,000.The Pacific walrus population was severely reduced by hunting in the past, but their numbers have rebounded after these severe reductions.Walruses are very social animals and congregate in large numbers. They haul out in herds and males and females form separate herds during the non-breeding season. They establish dominance through threat displays involving tusks, bodies, and aggression. The largest walruses are the most aggressive. Walruses spend two-thirds of their lives in and out of the water, feeding and resting on sea ice. Most walrus groups migrate north in the summer and south in the winter, and females haul out on the ice to give birth.The thought of all of these animals and more going out and nearly becoming extinct is terrifying, Unfortunately, there are things and people in this world that are pushing these animals closer and closer to extinction. These Animals must be helped and fast… Thriving Animals Not all animals in the Arctic are Endangered, There are some Animals living in Arctic Canada that are living, with no threats. One of these Animals would be the brown bear. The Brown Bear can stand on two legs, walk on the soles of their feet, pick things up with their “fingers,” and often eat what we eat. This—coupled with their ability to communicate with one another through scratch marks left on trees, smells and sounds establishes a similarity to our own way of life. Some of the largest living carnivorous, brown bears have fallen prey to hunting and other conflicts with humans. Although Brown Bears are Ranked as LC ( Least Concerned) they are considered a high priority in conservation. Given their dependence on large natural areas, brown bears are important management indicators for a number of other wildlife species. Brown bears also play important roles as predators who keep other animal populations in check. Additionally, they act as seed dispersers, helping to sustain their own environment. The Brown Bear Population may be stable but almost no large animal in the Arctic or just in Canada is left untouched. Brown bears were pursued extensively due to their size, valuable furs, and meat. The brown bear population now occupies just 2% of its former range. Human expansion into the bears’ natural habitat, as well as instances where brown bears are considered nuisances, demonstrate the tension that exists between bears and people. Logging, mining, road construction, and other development—coupled with human attempts to prevent brown bears’ interference with things like livestock, crops, water supplies, and garbage bins—all impact this animal population.There aren’t that many Animals living well in the Arctic but, This Fierce magnificent creature is known as the Arctic wolf Often called the polar wolf or white wolf is one of the Arctics few thriving animals. Arctic wolves inhabit the Arctic regions of North America and Greenland. Thanks to its isolation, the Arctic wolf is not threatened by hunting and habitat destruction in the same way as its southern relatives. Arctic wolves are carnivorous hunters. By nature, they help to control the populations of other animals in the region like the musk ox, caribou, and Arctic hares.They have long sharp teeth, nice long hair, fluffy white winter coat, they can grow to be about 6 feet long and can weigh up to 175 pounds. Unfortunately, when an animal in the Arctic is quoted untouched or not in danger it is not entirely true every animal must have some kind of threat. Unlike other species of wolf, the Arctic wolf rarely comes into contact with humans and is not threatened by hunting or persecution. Industrial development threatens the Arctic wolf as an increasing number of mines, roads, and pipelines encroach on its territory and interrupt its food supply. Extreme weather variations in recent years have made it more difficult for populations of musk ox and Arctic hares to find food which has caused a significant decline in their numbers. As a result, this has reduced the traditional food supply of the Arctic wolf.These fat Blubbery animals known as seals or sea lions are also classified as LC least concerned in the Arctic Endangerment, as there are many of them and they take the form of many species. Seals are found along most coasts and cold waters, but a majority of them live in the Arctic and Antarctic waters. Harbor, ringed, ribbon, spotted and bearded seals, as well as northern fur seals and Steller sea lions, live in the Canadian Arctic region. Although these big Adorable creatures are safe in the Canadian Arctic Wildlife they are not as safe in other regions of the earth. Human greed has led to the decline of many seal populations. In the past, millions of seals were killed for their valuable meat, blubber, and pelts. In some countries, seals are still killed in large numbers because fishermen blame them for the decline in fish. Extinct AnimalsSome Animals in the Arctic have gone to the point of scarceness or in other words Endangerment but, others have already died out and become extinct. One of these species is the Great Auk. The great auk was the first bird ever to hold the title of a penguin. Its black and white flightless body really stood out among other Canadian Arctic animals. Yet it was rounded up by the thousands off the North Atlantic and Eastern Arctic islands for use as food and for its feathers. The killing continued for generations, and when the auk’s impending demise became common knowledge, the reaction was immediate – people rushed to kill the remaining birds, well aware of their value to collectors.Another species that once lived and has sadly also died out is the Procolophon (The Arctic Lizard) Procolophon was a kind of lizard-like procolophon reptiles with at least eight species that persisted through the Permian–Triassic extinction event but became extinct in the later Triassic. Procolophon reached a length up to 30 cm. The skull was solid but some species did evolve a temporal fenestra in the skull independently of other reptiles. There was one backward facing cheek spike, but its function is argued it may have been of muscle attachment. Eyes were large and may have had day or night vision. The teeth were peg-like and fit for the crushing of plants. The front of the skull was short and blunt with the nasal opening very close to the mouth.This Bird called The Eskimo Curlew is also, unfortunately, another extinct species. This plump, friendly bird, once migrated in flocks of thousands from South America to the Arctic every year. Unlike the auk, curlews were not killed in their arctic breeding grounds. Instead, they were shot down en route, while stopping to rest and feed on the prairies and along the coastlines of North America. In a span of less than a century, one of the most common birds on the continent was reduced to scarcity. Today, the Eskimo curlew is likely extinct – the last individual was seen in Argentina more than a decade ago. The Extinction of all these animals and others like them is Tragic. There are more and more animals getting killed and habitats being destroyed and climates rising making it hard for these animals to survive even in Animal-friendly countries like Canada. Conclusion The 3 Major animals at risk statuses in Arctic Canada are Endangered, Thriving and Extinct. All Animals deserve a shot at survival because all animals big and small, endangered or thriving are very important. Each species of animal is unique in their own way and should be loved and respected. ” until one has loved an animal, a part of one’s soul remains unawakened…” written by Anatole France, poet, journalist, and novelist.