Electoral System of Iraq: Iraq was a Constitutional monarchy with a bi-cameral legislature consisting of an elected House of Representatives and an appointed Senate under the Iraqi Constitution of 1925. The term of the lower house was 4 years by manhood suffrage (the women did not vote). Ten general elections were held before the overthrow of the monarchy in 1958.
The electoral system was manipulated by the King and his Advisors. Between 1958 and 2003 Iraq was ruled by a series of military governments all dominated by Iraqi Arabs. In 2003, the multinational forces’ invasion of Iraq overthrew Saddam’s government and installed an Interim Administration. During the transitional period, Coalition Professional Authority (CPA) was empowered to create Independent Electoral Commission of Iraq (IECI) as order no. 92 of 31st May 2004 to be the exclusive electoral authority throughout the country. The Independent Electoral Commission of Iraq (IECI) was set up as an Independent and autonomous non-partisan with neutral and professional government office mandated to organize, oversee, conduct and implement all elections set forth in the law of administration for the State of Iraq during Transitional period.
All general elections to Transitional National Assembly (TNA), the Kurdistan National Assembly (KNA) and Governorate Councils were successfully conducted by the Independent Electoral Commission of Iraq (IECI) on 30th January 2005. An electoral law was adopted on 12th September 2005 for the 15th December general elections.