Emmeline Tankoh English 102 Professor Harrell 04/26/2018 Important of Childhood Vaccination

May 2, 2019 Critical Thinking

Emmeline Tankoh
English 102
Professor Harrell
04/26/2018
Important of Childhood Vaccination; Annotated Bibliography and Proof of Research
Childhood Vaccines Are Important to Public Health.” Should Vaccinations Be Mandatory? Edited by Roman Espejo, Greenhaven Press, 2014. At Issue. Opposing Viewpoints in Context,montgomerycollege.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ3010616216/OVIC? u=rock77357&xid=6169d72e. Accessed 7 Nov. 2017. Originally published as “Part 3: More About Vaccines,” Parent’s Guide to Childhood Immunizations, 2012.
This article explains the important of vaccination from infants to senior citizens, it highlights that, vaccinating children on time is one of the most important ways to protect themself and others from serious diseases and infections. The article goes further to inform parents that the New York State Department of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Pediatrics all recommend that parents keep their children up-to-date with the recommended vaccination schedule. Also, the article make it clear that, vaccinating children at their childhood, teach their immune system to recognize infections so it can fight them off in the future.

Haelle, Tara. “8 Reasons Parents Don’t Vaccinate (And Why They Should).” Parents, Parents, 5 Sept. 2017, www.parents.com/health/vaccines/controversy/8-reasons-parents-dont-vaccinate-and-why-they-should/.
This article gives a history of the important of childhood vaccination. Haelle, explains that Parents born in the 1970s and ’80s were vaccinated against eight diseases. She goes on to say a fully vaccinated 2-year-old today, on the other hand, can beat back 14 diseases. Haella goes further to say even though kids now get more shots especially since each vaccine usually requires multiple doses they’re also protected against almost twice as many diseases. Haelle in her article 8 Reasons Parents Don’t vaccinates and why they should, she explains that it’s not the number of shots that matters; it’s what’s in them. She claims that Antigens are the viral or bacterial components of a vaccine that induce the immune system to build up antibodies and fight future infections. Haelle sum up that the total antigens children receive in vaccines today are a fraction of what kids used to receive, even including combination vaccines.

McCarthy, Jenny. “”We’re Not An Anti-Vaccine Movement … We’re Pro-Safe Vaccine”.” PBS, Public Broadcasting Service, 23 Mar. 2015, www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/article/jenny-mccarthy-were-not-an-anti-vaccine-movement-were-pro-safe-vaccine/.Works Cited
This article, the author is against childhood vaccination. . According to Jenny McCarthy, an actress, model, celebrity, author and activist, in her article, “We’re not Anti- Vaccine Movement, We’re Pro Safe Vaccine.” She believes that her son got autism because of his childhood vaccines. She claims that she noticed a change in her sons’ behavior a few months after his measles, mumps and rubella vaccine. She also claims that her son had multiple seizures, and he was later diagnosed with autism. Jenny believed that her son was over loaded with the toxins and the chemical, which are present in vaccine at his very early age. In addition, she claims her son’s immune system was not fully developed at the time he received the vaccine and as a result, his immune system was force to reject most of the vaccines.
Fisher, Barbara Loe. “Mandating Vaccination Is Harmful.” Epidemics, edited by Mary E. Williams, Greenhaven Press, 2005. Opposing Viewpoints. Opposing Viewpoints In Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ3010133247/OVIC?u=rock77357;sid=OVIC;xid=b80880b5. Accessed 25 Apr. 2018. Originally published as “testimony before the California Senate Committee on Health and Human Services,” 2002.

This article strongly argues that child hood vaccination should not be mandatory. Barbara in her article make her point clear that rather than requiring all children to be vaccinated, parents should be fully informed of the merits and risks of vaccination and be allowed to opt out of immunization programs if they believe their children would be endangered. In her article, She advice parents to rely on the intelligence and common sense to be able to evaluate the merits, potential risks, and real cost associated with mandating new vaccine such as Prevner and hepatitis A.
Meyer, Diane, et al. “Refusing or Delaying Vaccinations May Compromise Public Health.” Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection, Gale, 2018. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/XMBNWL949955577/OVIC?u=rock77357;sid=OVIC;xid=84e5abd1. Accessed 25 Apr. 2018. Originally published as “The danger of delaying vaccination,” Baltimore Sun, 24 Aug. 2017
“Vaccines.” Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection, Gale, 2017. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/PC3010999291/OVIC?u=rock77357;sid=OVIC;xid=92db7a7a. Accessed 25 Apr. 2018,
This article particularly exposes the benefit of childhood vaccination. It elaborate it clearly that Vaccination programs have been so effective that many people have never witnessed outbreaks of certain preventable diseases that in previous generations caused widespread devastation. This article provide inside to the important of herd immunity. It goes further to explain that Herd vaccinated in order to protect those who are unvaccinated from outbreaks of the disease.

Aikins, Matthieu. “Eliminating Polio Is a Worthwhile Goal.” Deadly Viruses, edited by Noah Berlatsky, Greenhaven Press, 2016. Current Controversies. Opposing Viewpoints inContext, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ3010973234/OVIC?u=rock77357;sid=OVIC;xid=73ea76ee. Accessed 25 Apr. 2018. Originally published as “The Surge,” Wired, 2013.

This article explores the challenges face by World health organization (WHO) in their attempt to prevent and eradicate the resistance of deathly diseases with the use of veccination. It shows the struggle and efforts the (WHO) has journeyed through eliminating smallpox and Polio. The article states that (WHO) succeeded in eliminating smallpox by vaccinating more than 80 percent of the world population. But the lengths to which Henderson’s team had to go to carry out this feat illustrate just how arduous and risky eradication is. Also, the article goes further to explain that the smallpox campaign represented a new kind of success and made the world a better place.

This article is a helpful, at-a-glance of the disadvantages of not vaccinating children when they are young. It gives a statistic of the effect of refusing or delaying childhood vaccination and the effect it will have on the society as a whole. The article make it clear that, Vaccine refusal has been associated with numerous infectious disease cases and outbreaks in the United States, among them that rising incidence of pertussis which includes successive epidemics with an epidemiology similar to those in the pre-vaccine era. The article goes further to highlight on the important of childhood vaccination by pointing out the fact that the CDC recommends more than a dozen vaccines for children from birth through age 6, including DTaP, which prevents diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis. The article also advise that, it is paramount that parents adhere to CDC’s recommended schedule for vaccinations to protect all children, including those who are unable to receive vaccinations and thus must rely on herd immunity for protection.

“The Benefits of Vaccination Outweigh the Risks.” Vaccines, edited by Noël Merino, Greenhaven Press, 2015. At Issue. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ3010938204/OVIC?u=rock77357;sid=OVIC;xid=c6d0ba16. Accessed 25 Apr. 2018. Originally published as “General Vaccine Safety Concerns,” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Apr. 2013.

This article provides a more mechanical view of the benefit of childhood vaccine. The author makes it clear that although no vaccine is completely harmless, vaccines do protect people from the real danger of disease. The article give an example of the vaccines against hepatitis B, pertussis, pneumococcal disease, and rotavirus all have the possibility of certain side effects, but it explain that the harm of disease prevented by the vaccines outweigh the risk of any adverse effects. This article provides inside to justify that there are systems in place to protect against side effects and vaccines are only given to children after a long approval process. This article uses a lot of example to convince its readers that the benefits of childhood vaccination outweigh the risks of not being vaccinated. There by throwing more light on the important of childhood vaccination.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services. “Many Deadly Diseases Would Return If We Stopped Vaccinations.” Vaccines, edited by Noël Merino, Greenhaven Press, 2012. Current Controversies. Opposing Viewpoints inContext, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ3010672239/OVIC?u=rock77357;sid=OVIC;xid=749b0399. Accessed 25 Apr. 2018. Originally published as “What Would Happen If We Stopped Vaccinations?”, 27 Aug. 2010.

This article reveals the darker aspect ignoring or stopping childhood vaccine. The article analysis the dangers of stopping childhood vaccine and it lay out like some example of the dangers it will cause if children are not vaccinated against such disease. The article state it clear that, before there was a vaccine against mumps, mumps was a very common disease in U.S. children, with as many as 300,000 cases reported every year. In addition explains the dangers of stopping vaccination against polio because it will leave people susceptible to infection with the polio virus. Also, the article highlights that if we were to stop immunization, we would likely soon return to the pre-vaccine numbers of invasive pneumococcal disease cases and deaths.

Heyworth, Kelley King. “Vaccines Do Not Cause Autism.” Epidemics, edited by David Haugen and Susan Musser, Greenhaven Press, 2011. Opposing Viewpoints. Opposing Viewpoints inContext, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/EJ3010133275/OVIC?u=rock77357;sid=OVIC;xid=790b3dd1. Accessed 25 Apr. 2018. Originally published as “Vaccines: The Reality Behind the Debate,” Parents, May 2010.

This article disagrees with the claims some parents make in other to opt out of childhood vaccine. Heyworth argues that child hood vaccine cannot cause atheism in in children and parents should not use that as an excuse to not vaccinate their children. He even goes further to explain that, there is more likely a coincidental link between immunization schedules and diagnoses of autism because the disease tends to arise when children are young around the same ages that they are receiving vaccinations. In this article, Heyworth warns that refusing vaccination for fear of autism endangers the unvaccinated child and the whole community because formerly controlled diseases such as measles and whooping cough have reemerged in unvaccinated populations.