Ethics is about the rightness or wrongness of one’s behavior and about goodness or badness of the effects of these behaviors.
Bio-ethics is to do with what is right or wrong in life and death situations which is what nurses are concerned with.
Code of Ethics- A specific set of professional behaviors and values the professional interpreter must know and must abide by, including confidentiality, accuracy, privacy, integrity.
Major ethical principles:
• Autonomy is treating the patient according to his needs and wishes but staying within the boundary of acceptable treatment and protecting the patient’s privacy and confidentiality (e.g. informed consent)
• Justice is being fair to all (no discrimination based on gender, religion, caste, etc.)
• Beneficence is working for the benefit of others
• Nonmaleficence is not harming the patient and protecting the patient from harm (e.g. Avoiding personal relations with the patient, working in the emergency while abusing substances, alcohol, etc. which can harm practice, caring for abandoned patients)
• Veracity is being honest and trustworthy with patients and their assistants
• Substituted judgment standard and best interest standard is either the health professional or the family member making the best decisions for the patient keeping his/her interest in mind.