For our video, we chose to link the Historical and Political elements of South Africa. South Africa has a very long and complex history. The country has faced a lot of changes throughout the years, and is no stranger to struggle. Colonization affected South Africa as much as it did other African nation. During the colonial years, the Dutch and British influenced segregation between ethnic groups such as blacks and whites were strictly enforced with legislation controls to enforce the restrictions and movement of native people. (SAHO, 2017) In 1931, South Africa gained independence from the United Kingdom and became a Sovereign State of its own.
This was known as the passage of the Statute of Westminster. (Dugard, Bethlehem, & Du Plessis, 2005). But a lot of colonial laws remained. This lead to the Apartheid movement and uprising which was lead a few years later by Mr. Nelson Mandela. The song played through the video “Ladysmith-Black Mambazo” – Nkosi Sikel iAfrica Shosholoza highlights the symbolic identity of the nation’s strength and the endeavors it had to overcome. The word “Shosholoza” which means “to go forward” or “make way for the next person” originated from the Nguni language (Zulu and Ndebele dialect based); this is often sung in local tribal setting and is known as South Africa’s second national anthem.
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Nkosi Sikel iAfrica which translates to “God Bless our Afrika” is the official national anthem.