George Orwell’s book Animal Farm is about the farm animals on Manor Farm rebelling against their oppressive ruler Mr. Jones who represent the last Russian emperor Tsar Nicholas II (1868-1918). Old Major (After the rebellion their life is peaceful and they are each fed more food than they were getting from Jones. After a while when Snowball (Leon Trotsky) and Napoleon (Joseph Stalin) have their battle for power, Napoleon has his dogs chase Snowball of the farm so that their would be nobody to challenge his leadership. From there Napoleon becomes even more corrupt and greedy, and has anyone who is a threat to his rule severely punished. Animal Farm is an allegory that was published in 1945 and closely follows the events leading up to the Russian Revolution and into the Stalinist era.
Leon Trotsky is represented by Snowball, who is more intelligent and had already won the loyalty of the other animals on the farm. After victory in the Battle Of The Cowshed, Snowball decides that he wants to spread communism throughout the world. But Napoleon only wanted to secure his leadership position on the farm just as Stalin did during the revolution.
Napoleon represents Joseph Stalin, the ruthless dictator of the USSR (1924 – 1953). Napoleon is a greedy and powerful leader who uses lies and deception to get the rest of the animals to follow him. Napoleon hid the fact that there were food shortages on Animal Farm from the surrounding farmers just as Stalin hid the Soviet Famine (1932 ; 1933) from the rest of the world.
Napoleon and Squealer constantly take advantage of the other animals inability to read and constantly alter the Seven Commandments to better suit the pigs demands and desires, without acknowledging that any changes had been made. The Seven Commandment turn out to state the pig’s entitlements instead of the equality that Old Major had planned for all of the animals and by the end of the novel the pigs had adopted the human characteristics that Old Major had forbid.
“Twelve voices were shouting in anger, and they were all alike. No question, now, what had happened to the faces of the pigs. The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.”
Boxer represents the working class of the Soviet Union. He works the hardest of all the animals and his undoubted loyalty leads him to the motto; “Napoleon is always right.” Without him the animals would not have been able to build the windmill and generate electricty for the farm. But one he was injured and unable to work he was killed.
Without knowing about the events of the Russian Revolution and Stalin’s reign the readers would not
The author uses real events of the Russian Revolution and from Stalin’s reign. The characters in the book represent real people for example; Vladimir Lenin (First leader of USSR) is represented by Old Major, and Vyacheslav Molotov, (Stalin’s Protégés and head of communist propaganda) is represented by Squealer.
The message of Animal Farm is that power can often lead to corruption and oppression. This is represented by Napoleon. As the story progresses he becomes more and more powerful, and makes the animals to do whatever he commands. The message behind the story is simple and easy to understand without having knowledge of the Russian Rovolution. Napoleon and the other pigs believe that they are better and have higher social status than the other animal on the farm, which was meant to be eliminated in one of the seven comandments stating; “All Animals Are Equal”, which is later changed to; “All Animals Are Equal, But Some Are More Equal Than Others.”
To conclude, Animal Farm is an allegory written by George Orwell that reflects closely to the events of the revolution and into the Stalinist era of communist Russia.