I was able to establish that the primary concern ofdevelopment to be education. Education is a fundamental property thatdetermines the future of a nation.
It is the heart of economic understanding,thus becoming an increasingly important area which if promoted correctly canenable a country to truly flourish. Nelson Mandela promoted that, “No countrycan really develop unless its citizens are educated.” Perhaps the major factor,separating Zimbabwe’s development with the development of other countries, suchas China and Germany, is the level of education available. Recent evidencesuggests that, prior to the independence of many African countries, especiallyZimbabwe, many experienced inappropriate colonial education systems. Henceforthquestions arise as leaders in developing countries may have had poor training duringthe periods of oppression, which have led them to make poor judgements today.Unfortunately, these education systems were inefficient as they were aimed anddirected towards passing exams instead of equipping students with criticalthinking skills and dominance in technical subjects such as Science and Maths.
Between the years 2002 and 2010, Zimbabwe has prevailed inacquiring a high literacy rate. In 2007 Zimbabwe’s literacy rate wasapproximately 91.2% – (Zimbabwe Literacy Rate, 2008)1.Highlighting a strong dominance in literacy, yet the government failed toimprove technical subject performance. 2 This suggests the whole nation could be very productive. Recentdevelopments in education system have heightened the need for investment inthis sector to maximise opportunities for the Zimbabwean workforce.
There hasbeen little quantitative analysis of opportunities for Zimbabweans,highlighting evidence for unemployment as the employment gap becomesincreasingly worrying. With unemployment at “95%”3(Forbes,2017). In contrast, countries experiencing high levels of growthsuch as South Korea and Singapore perform better in secondary and tertiarysectors. MeanwhileZimbabwe has failed to specialise workers to operate in tertiary sectors. Thesetertiary sectors have been essential and highly efficient, for the likes ofSingapore. Studies reveal that the research, production and distributionsectors have all contributed greatly to raise productivity and economic growthin BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) economies. This has seen Zimbabwe’sGDP plummet. Fast-growing economies present a new approach to growth.
AsZimbabwe dominates agricultural industries operating efficiently in the primarysector. There is a small percentage of the nation investing in STEM (Science,Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) education. STEM is ultimately thenecessity for operating in the tertiary sector. In my opinion, if Zimbabwe tookthis approach, they too could excel their economies, boosting productivity andincreasing economic growth. The changes experienced by Singapore over the pastdecade remain unprecedented.
Illuminating, the success of countries that haveinvested heavily in education. Boasting booming growth, Singapore is a primeexample of the benefits of an injection into education. It is becoming increasingly difficult to ignore thatgovernment investment into education and specialisation, could lead to a largerand more productive workforce. An expansion in the labour supply of Zimbabwe wouldincrease the productive potential the economy. In addition to this educationand training reforms could have the potential to raise skills within Zimbabwe’sworkforce, thus improving employment prospects for thousands of the unemployed.Nevertheless, exclusion of education has a severe impact on the development,but the government remains able to influence this.
Investment is demanded for education to facilitate growthand development. The necessity of investment in education has importantimplications for growth. A well-educatedworkforce acts as a magnet for foreign investment into an economy. Ultimatelywith foreign investment, the creation of jobs arise. This means that animproved education system may increase opportunities providing incentives towork more efficiently. 4″Educationis the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.
” (Mandela, 2003) Evidently, in perspective, Zimbabwe hasfailed to utilise the weapon to change the world. This has been due to brain drain due to pooreconomic conditions which resulted in the emigration of highly skilled labour.Section PlenaryEducation is the foundation for success in an economy.Through investment in education, living standards can improve as thepopulation’s prospects of obtaining employment increase.
By promoting accessfor all, Zimbabwe could utilise and advance their high literacy rate toincrease opportunities. A prime example of a country which was liberated by anoppressor is Cuba. Zimbabwe can learn a lot from Cuba. The Cuban government’scommitment to education is irrefutable. Zimbabwe already has a satisfactory education system,however the opportunities after remain scarce. I believe investment ineducation, alongside employment opportunities would excel the economy.
Raisingliving standards as the population access a sense of confidence and security. Howeverthis is all dependent upon the leaders decisions, thus leadership underpins thedevelopment of the country. 1WorldBank.Zimbabwe(2008)2 WorldBank.Zimbabwe(2008)3 Forbes(2017)4 Mandela, N.(2003). Nelson Mandela.