In the 21st century, teenagers have more freedom than teenagers from last centuries, Teenagers of new days can start romantic relationships and first sexual relationships which bring first sex in the life of teenage. The start of sexual life very responsible step for the teenager’s life and condition of the community. This action can lead to changes in psychology and physiology of the organism of teenagers with different consequences, which is the end of virginity. It is worth noting that the sex must be protected by condoms for the avoidance of unintended pregnancy.
However, the cases of unintended pregnancy are frequent in nowadays. “Approximately 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 years and 2.5 million girls under 16 years give birth each year in developing regions” (Darroch, “Adolescent pregnancy”, February 23, 2018) The problem of unintended pregnancy in our world caused by the non-compliance save rules for sex and the condoms of low quality which can lead to the problem of unwanted pregnancy where a woman does not want to have a baby and spend all life to bring up the baby. During the intimacy, sperm mixes with various fluids to make semen (cum), which leaves the penis in the midst of release. Sperm turns out each time you release — anyway it just takes 1 sperm cell to meet with an egg for pregnancy to happen. Eggs live in ovaries and the hormones that control your menstrual cycle influence two or three eggs to build up every month. Exactly when your egg is created, it infers it’s set up to prepare by a sperm cell.
These hormones in like manner make the covering of your uterus thick and versatile, which readies your body for pregnancy. Nevertheless, women find out the pregnancy by the symptoms which is increased abdomen volume and uterine volume, the growth of mammary glands with pain, vomit, high temperature and etc. To solve this problem and to decrease the cases of sudden pregnancy World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) created the emergency contraception methods such as Intrauterine Device (IUD) and emergency pills with ulipristal acetate and levonorgestrel. From my point of view, the most effective method of birth control is IUD, because IUD used to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex for women who concern about the appearance of pregnancy and want to use IUD for long active and effective contraceptive method.
IUD can be made of copper and be made by hormones (depends on the producer). Their function is to change the direction of sperm to prevent fertilization of the egg by sperm. There are some positive and negative consequences which could be happened by using of IUD: the reversible process of IUD implantation, effectiveness and the cost of implantation of IUD. At first, the reversible process of IUD could be made, because of the implant located in the uterus and the size 2×3 cm (depends on the producer), If a woman wants to become pregnant will negotiate with the doctor and remove the IUD. After 5-7 days a woman can be pregnant without complications. Secondly, effectiveness contains flexibility for implantation which is necessary for the avoidance of pain during and after implantation and long-term action (approximately from 3 to 12 years) which is very effective for preventing of pregnancy.
“Copper IUDs trigger anatomical and biochemical changes in the uterus, producing a toxic environment for incoming sperm. The copper IUD doesn’t affect ovulation or menstrual cycle; it immobilizes sperm traveling to the fallopian tubes, thereby preventing fertilization of an egg.” (West, “How does an IUD work?”,n.d.). Thirdly, the main disadvantage of implantation of IUD is the price. The average cost for IUD implantation begins from 500 to 900 dollars (In Europe and UK countries) which is very expensive implantation. However, from my point of view, all 3 implications are justified in real problems and the cost of implantation contain consultation with nurse or doctor, cost of the IUD, medical equipment and etc.
From the point of view of the economic factor, In developed countries, this implantation can be made in every medical center, despite the price. However, this operation can not be done in poor countries where is the implantation of IUD is very expensive. Thus, the usage if Intrauterine Device with copper is very effective for preventing of pregnancy after unprotected intercourse by the special properties of IUD, reversible process and decreasing of cases of unwanted pregnancy.
Despite the price, IUD performs its work and justifies the cost. “However, as an IUD is paid for once, rather than paying for other contraceptive methods each month, less money may be spent on pregnancy prevention over time.” (West, “IUD (intrauterine device): Another birth control option”, n.d.)