In Japan, laws are made and processed through the National Diet. The Diet in Japan is the highest form of state power as they are the, “soul law-making organ of the state” – (Kids Web- Government). To make sure a wide variety of voters are addressed, the Diet is divided into two spectrums. The first spectrum is the House of Representatives, “the Lower House”, and the second is the house of counsellors, “the Upper House.” The memberships of the houses consist of lawmakers who were voted in during the national elections.
In total there are 475 seats in the House of Representatives and 242 in the house of counsellors. When forming a new law, a bill is submitted into the diet and separated into the two houses. A new law or rule is only passed after both houses approve of it, if not; it will be declined from entering the legislative system. Amongst counties throughout the world, Japan is ranked as one of the least corrupt countries. In the Judicial system there is a very low risk of corruption.
The judicial system is well respected in Japan as courts are always open fairly and that favourable judgments rarely occur. As well in public services there is a very low risk of corruption and bribery for companies in Japan as it is ranked amongst counties in which bribery occurs the least due to strict and costly regulations. If found guilty of bribery, you may face up to 3 years in prison as well as a $23’000 fine (USD).
Law enforcements in Japan consist of the NPA (National Public Safety Commission). The NPA ensures that Japanese police are apolitical body and free of direct government control. In Japan there are three major Labour Laws:The right and obligation to workA ban on Child LabourThe freedom of workers association Around the world, child labour is a huge issue. In Japan child labour is banned as they protect the exploitation of young children who are working. By law children under the age of 15 may not be employed, and children under the age of 18 may not be employed in harmful or dangerous jobs. These laws protect young children who are put into workplaces at a very early age instead of going to school and getting an education.
Japan’s trade policy is organized into bureaus to formulate a wide rage of their international trade and investments. Most goods which enter Japan do not need an importing license. They are only required if certain goods have hazardous materials, animals, plants and perishables. In Japan laws prohibit the imports of narcotics, firearms, explosives, counterfeit currency, pornography and products which violate their laws. (Japanese Economy) Historically the Japanese culture has emphasised gender roles. Women were always expected to dominate the household and all the work and as well as to always obey her husband at all times.
In the 21 century woman have left the stereotype and have become more independent and socially demanding. Japanese woman are now working in higher proportions than the United States working female population. – (Wikipedia Woman in Japan)In Japan, the government has regulated that the minimum wage in the country is 798 Yen ($8.93 CAD). (Minimum Wage Increase) Compared to Canada in which the minimum wage is $14, starting a business in Japan could be more profitable. With the lower minimum wage, Japanese business owners are able to pay less and still make the same