IntroductionHerpes B’s, pathogen is an enclosed herpesvirus around 160-180 nm (Nautical mile) in size. It has double stranded linear DNA and molecular weight. It has many names such as Herpesvirus Simiae, Herpesvirus B and Monkey B virus. Monkeys are one carrier of it, hint why can be called the Monkey B virus. The majority of this virus comes from the adult macaque monkeys. Some of the different species of macaque monkeys are rhesus, pig-tailed and cynomolgus. Herpes B is rarely found in humans, or in a human to human transmission but, surprisingly one case has documented. This study involves an outbreak, including four people in Florida.
SymptomsSymptoms of herpes B are either mild or non existent in monkeys. But in humans it is quite different and affects more than it does in monkeys. Some symptoms seen in humans are fever, chills headaches continuing for more than 24 hours, flu-like aches, pains, and fatigue. Those are just common symptoms having those would look like any disease or virus. Other symptoms that are not common a muscular incoordination, shortness of breath, localized neurological symptoms by the wound, vesicular skin lesions either by or the location of exposure. The time it takes for incubation is around 3 to 7 days.
Except a corrupted human takes a little less than a month of exposure. Normal symptoms come first, when the first time you come in contact with the exposed area. The uncommon symptoms plus chance of death can take place, between a day and 3 weeks after symptom outbreak. TransmissionThere are different ways it spreads, some ways are through a bite, or scratch from a macaque monkey or even a cage scratch. Other ways it spreads is through nervous tissue of an infected monkey, saliva, urine, and feces. The virus can also withstand for hours on the top of objects. In a study of around 300 animal care workers, 166 claimed to have B virus from exposure of macaques.
Although they claimed having the virus, none of them did.Treatment Treatments for herpes are recommended right away, after finding out you have herpes. Among the percentage of people that have herpes, 70% of people that do not get treatment die from difficulty with the infection. So if at all possible treat right away.
Once realizing you can use the first aid method, which involves carefully and gently scrubbing the wound with soap, and a concentrated solution. Povidone- iodine and chlorhexidine with water around 15-20 minutes. After the wound is clean, get a serum specimen, that should be collected from the patient. Then it will equip a antibody baseline level. The first aid is just a clean up process, next you have to decide if you have to do antiviral therapy or if you don’t. If you choose to do the therapy, then you will want to yield and think about certain questions.
Some of the questions would be the type and physical condition of the animal that gave you the virus, is it a bite or a scratch and there are many other questions to ask yourself, concerning the type of therapy you do. Along with the untreated patients there has been others that have been treated. StatisticsThere has been around 50 million cases that have shown up in the United States and approximately around 0.5 million of new cases a year.
It is mapped out that 42 million people, will be bewildered if they were tested today. There is around two- thirds in the world that have herpes, with 3.7 billion people below 50 years old with the virus.HistoryThe history of the Herpes B comes from macaques, which are the first animals to have the virus, that I have found in my research. Anyways looking back in the history of the Herpes B virus has been distributed through the macaques.
The distribution between monkey to monkey is through oral, ocular and genital associated with mucous lesioned skin and membranes.