IntroductionSafety dwells human lives a core to thrive any aspects of the field. In that ground, we work according to our professions. The main production with project safety and hazard valuation in construction industry is significant, consequently, a way on responsibility and accountability of assessment are essential for all professionals. Nevertheless, it is originated that those professionals disposed to serious practices and awareness rely on their own choice assembly on threat assessment, which the absence of a methodical approach and absence of customs to form the consistency of the conclusions.
One of the unsafe places of work is at the construction site which it involves different tasks that may possibly take you at risk. However, safety procedures are implemented but chances of risk are still high. Its either workers did not follow and forgot the safety rules acquired from the safety engineers. This paper focuses specifically on the analysis of safety in material handling equipment on construction sites.In this topic, a safety analysis focusing on the material handling of equipment to all workers who needs to educate and execute the proper precautionary measures on construction sites to reduce casualties. With the safety education program it will leads to development on construction and to improve economic growth which will promote safety and health education each of the workers and the safety officers.The good safety management on construction sites has an efficient way when identifying hazardous measures that take into place. Accordingly, Helander and Neitzel et al.
found that its about 6 percent suffered from construction accidents and up to one-third casualties in the construction and maintenance sites are owed to the cranes and material handling equipment. From the two different data sources and the results of their studies that mostly the accidents occurred during the transfer of materials and 36 percent of the unattended days bring about to fatalities. According from the Philippine Statistics Authority state that the data cause the injury of more than one-fourth (26.
7%) of cases of occupational injuries with workdays lost were caused by over – exertion or strenuous movement. This was followed by stepping on, striking against or struck by objects, excluding falling objects (20.6%) and struck by falling objects (16.0%).What is clear from the data mentioned above that the casualties on construction site leads to ineffectiveness and absenteeism of occupational safety and health standards. Regardless, it is within the Philippines or in other countries. Thus data lean on proper guidelines of health and safety to undergo overall major execution to ensure greater and positive safety precautionary measures among individuals to minimize casualties and stimulate occupational safety and health standards.
In fact, prevention of accidents needs to alleviate the possibilities of any troubles that affect the work of environment appropriate to physical response of human lives. Literature ReviewPrior studies have acknowledged different research works for safety training programs to educate safety in material handling. An enumerated risk approximation method was examined on construction sites for a proposal of different solutions to reduce the probability of the increased fatalities. Articles related to material handling equipment safety have also been distributed seeing other issues which affect the safety of workers.
Such as in those works commence reasonable studies which adopt practices of safety management in every construction site. Shepherd et al. projected that the cranes has the most likely have the reason of accidents for about 25-33% on construction sites. A list of required safety provisions being followed according to Häkkinen, the nature of lifting will depend on how the equipment used. One of its prevention in order to avoid casualties is to bear on mind that handling on equipment needs proper safety precaution. An enumerated casualty assessment method was examined and applied at worksites with anticipated results to reduce the possibility of increasing fatal accidents from the consequence of risk value.
Fung et al. discovered 14 common types of trades, accidents, and accident causes and investigated people’s need tangled at constructions to yield efficient and effective hazard assessment prototypical.Synopsis of Material Handling SafetyMaterial handling (MH) includes “short-distance movement that usually takes place within the confines of a building such as a plant or a warehouse and between a building and a transportation agency.” It can be used to generate time and place convenience from the supervision of safety handling, storing, and control of materials as a discrete of manufacturing such as assembly operations that generates a form of utility which will alterate the shape, form, and the texture of material.Strategy of Material Handling ClassificationSimilar method design of Material Handling classification is to deliberate the minimize cost.
This methodology is the maximum applicable in different conditions for the reason that material handling can enhance practical value to a product. However, it is demanding to classify and measure