Islam spread through many parts of the world, the Quran served as a set of religious laws of which much of the Middle East followed. Restrictions on women in the Middle East were influenced almost completely by pre-Muslim Arabian practices rather than the Quran. Most women in the Middle East had to wear a veil. Didn’t have the ability to leave their homes without the companion of a male figure, women generally spent their time inside there harim. Although North and West Africa had a large Muslim populations, not everyone entirely adopt Islamic customs and regulations.
In North Africa, women were actually deemed high in their society. They were considered the source of life and were often held in higher regard than men. They planted and harvested crops while the men performed the heavy labor and cleared the land. Women tended to the children and were responsible for domestic house chores. Many women even took part in trade and market, becoming merchants in long-distance trading. Surprisingly, women in post-classical North Africa even created their own military units.
The coming of Islam did not change the roles of women in North Africa much. Besides the fact that some women were required to wear a veil and lead secluded lives, most freely talked with men and worked alongside them in society. Unlike Africa, the Americas were completely untouched by the influence of major Eastern religions until the fifteenth century when explorers came. The Maya civilization very rarely allowed women to serve as rulers and priests. .Women mainly worked inside the home, spinning and weaving thread from cotton, hennepin, or maguey agave.
Also,in Aztec societies women’s role was based on their reproductive capacity, and a death caused by childbirth was honored as warrior-like. The Aztecs emphasis on combat gave prestige and offered opportunities to men, but Aztec women were not allowed a role in the military. They could not enlist into the military training school. This meant that women were denied access to one of the largest sources of wealth and prestige within Aztec society.Although the systems of social structure and gender roles of Europe, Middle East, Africa, East Asia, Americas significantly changed due to economic renewals, religious progressions, and political developments, while the systems in the Americas and Middle East maintained, each of the regions were overall greatly affected by this change and no change. The systems of social structure and gender roles is that the social structure enabled what each person’s life would lead on and what accomplishments they would achieve through their role in society, and gender roles gave order and restrictions within the society.