Jaldapara National Park is a dense forest with stretches of grassland and is immensely rich in bio-diversity. The forest is the home of various types of carnivores, herbivores, avian, and reptiles etc. The man-animal conflict in the forest occurs due to the interference of human activity wild habitat. The much of the boundary area of the forested tracts are habitats of man. The local communities suffer from loss of life, wealth and resources, crop damage and injuries. On the other hand the biodiversity of the area has faced rapid depletion due to poaching, conflict, destruction of green cover, and encroachment. This research endeavor is an attempt to find out the nature, causes and consequences of human-wildlife conflict and to assess the conservation strategies in the study area.
Keywords- bio-diversity, man-animal conflict, poaching, conservation strategies, human settlement
According to the World Conservation Union, Human Wildlife Conflict (HWC) occurs “when wildlife’s requirements overlap with those of human populations, creating costs to residents and wild animals. The direct contact of the wildlife animals observe in an around and inside the forest area and in both urban as well as rural areas. Direct contact with wildlife occurs in both urban and rural areas, but it is generally more common inside and around protected areas, where wildlife population density is higher and animals often stray into adjacent cultivated fields or grazing areas” (Distefano, 2005).
2. Study Area
The study area is the Jaldapara National Park situated at the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas in northern West Bengal. It lies in the civil district of Alipurduar, West Bengal. The latitudinal and longitudinal extent is 25°58′ to 27° 45′ North latitude and 89° 08′ to 89° 55′ East longitude. The Sanctuary is located in the floodplains of the river Torsa and other small rivers. The study area is bounded in the north by the international borders with Bhutan and Totopara Village, State border with Assam lies in the east and District border with Jalpaiguri lies in the west, Koch Bihar District lies in the south.
• To analyze the causes, consequences and patterns of Human-Animal Conflict.
• To suggest some remedial measures.
4. Methodology And Database
During pre-study several forests related books and important national/international journals has been studied to examine the problems related to the conflict in forest areas. Several informations have been collected from e-journals and news papers.
Secondary data is mainly used for the preparation of this paper. The field study was done for the understanding different issues of Human-Wild Conflict in the area. Different informations have been collected from the Assistant Wildlife Warren of JNP office during field study. The forest related data has been collected from Koch Bihar Forest Division Office.
During the post field study, the State Forest Report, District Census Handbooks are mainly consulted to gather the data. Different types of Mapping Soft wares have been used. Google Earth images have helped to understand the co-ordinate extension of the area. Different journals, books, papers are also referred. All the data are tabulated, analyzed through this paper.