“Lord of the “Lord of the flies”

“Lordof the Flies” – is one of the famous philosophical novel by the Englishwriter William Golding, which shocked the world reader exactly half a century, thestory of a group of boys from the church choir, as a result of an accident onan uninhabited island. Written with persuasiveness, “The Lord of theFlies”, in which the author’s reaction to the shock of the Second WorldWar affected, returned the issue of the natural human essence to the space ofworldview disputes. According to Golding, the war showed how fragile is theromantic myth about the natural kindness and wisdom of a man hiding in himselfthe inexhaustible reserves of hatred and evil. As far as the fascination withthe Rousseau “noble savage”, the call to return to “naturalsociality”, bewitching images of sinless in the absence of the concept ofsin and the splendid in its spontaneity of the hero who inhabited the”golden age” sung by the ancients can be dangerous.But whatspecifically denotes the notion of “noble savage”? Concept of “thenoble savage” can be define as a man, all of whose character traits aredistinguished by the nobility that he applies to all members of his tribe -regardless of specific individuals. Nobility in its savagery consists of aromantic life connected with nature, and is not characterized by establishedrelations of domination and subordination. Throughoutthe XX century, most literary critics considered the “Lord of theFlies” as a novel-warning, a novel – an indication of what can end forcivilization commitment to the ideas of Nazism and fascism. Meanwhile, thepolitical component of the work is just one of the historical details, whilethe meaning of the “Lord of the flies” is more extensive andcomprehensive.

In his novel Golding showed not specific, time-specific ideas,but the timeless essence of human nature – sinful, terrible, descending to themost violent crimes in the absence of positive deterrent force. The plot ofthe novel is at the time of the acquaintance of Ralph and Piggy: the boys whomet after the plane crash try to understand what happened to them and outlineways of solving the problem. Collected by the trumpet voice of the seahorn,English children first try to preserve on the island the cultural andcivilizational foundations of their country.

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Boys setthe rules, the most important of which is the constant maintenance of a smokingfire. The fire in the “Lord of the Flies” becomes a symbol of life -it serves as a hope for salvation, about him are heated and dispersed nightlyfears. To protect against rain, children build huts, a secluded place for therestroom. Older boys help kids to get high-growing fruits.

Life on the islandis almost perfect: the twelve-year-old Ralph perceives a new, deprived adultworld as a fairy tale, an idyll in which everything is fine. Other childreninitially relate to what happened to them as a game: the kids build sandcastles on the beach, former choristers led by Jack Meridew become “hunters.”Everythingchanges with the first blood. As soon as Jack realizes that he can kill a pig,the hunt of fun turns into a way of life. Following his leader, the formerchoristers change beyond recognition: they inflict bloodthirsty masks on theirfaces and give themselves completely to the thirst for murder.

The sense ofone’s own importance and power eclipses everything – including the desire toreturn to the familiar world of people. In the beginning, the hunters toss thefire, then turn into a wild tribe led by the Leader, whose orders are executedwithout question. The imageof the Beast in the novel correlates with the image of the Devil (“lord ofthe flies” – in translation from Hebrew means “Beelzebub”).Initially, the Beast appears in the nightmares of kids who see it as a”snake” hanging on trees. Optimistic Ralph thinks the Beast is afiction, Piggy denies his existence, relying on scientific knowledge of theworld, the other guys are secretly afraid of who can kill them, not knowing that,first of all, they need to fear themselves. This knowledge is revealed only toone of the boys – the weakest and, at the same time, the most reasonable -constantly falling into a swoon Simon. Faced one on one with a pig’s head, hebegins to mentally talk to her and receives a clear answer that the Beast is an”inseparable part” of himself.

Afull-fledged Beast consists of a set of small “beasts”, which becomeferal hunters: starting with the destruction of pigs, they end up killing theirown kind. Initially hunting for a person they disguise as a game: one boydepicts a pig, others pretend that they drive “her” into a trap andkill. Then the animal instincts of once civilized children come out and themurder is really committed.Ralph, Piggyand the twins Eric and Sam, who became unwitting witnesses and, possibly,participants in the murder of Simon, are so shocked by what happened that theytry to pretend that it was not. The subsequent murder of Piglet, committed inthe light of the sun, and the harassment of Ralph serve as the culmination ofthe “Lord of the Flies.” Finally, distraught children let out theirinternal “Beast” and stop only in the presence of a more formidable,creative force – the English officer who landed on the island.

The latterbecomes in the novel the prototype of the supreme divine principle, at once stoppedall disputes and strife and with its one presence of the victorious Devil.Theartistic images of boys are correlated in the novel with a concrete humanbeginning: Ralph is kind, cultured, striving for order, not afraid ofresponsibility; Piggy is a tongue-tied, intelligent, reasoning inventor; Simonis a weak, philosopher-individualist seeing at the root; Jack is an ambitiousdictator; Roger – obsequious servant and cruel sadist; twins Eric and Sam aresimple, flowing people, sympathetic to good, but inclined under brute force;toddlers are still fragile persons who have not had time to make a choicebetween good and evil, but who feel the latter intuitively.Theuninhabited island in the “Lord of the Flies” becomes a symbolicdepiction of the Earth on which the Ralph and Piggy communities are created andthe civilizations (the Jack tribe) are collapsing, new states are formed (thedivision of the boys into two camps), diplomatic negotiations (Ralph – Jack)wars (Jack, Maurice and Roger attack Ralph and Piggy), new religious views areformed (worship of “Lord of the Flies”).

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