Madiba (2015) literature on HIV-infected single mothers in the Ekurulen District Gauteng Province which investigates the parental disclosure of HIV positive status to HIV-uninfected teenage children and their reactions to disclosure, determined the prevalence of parental disclosure of HIV status to uninfected children. The results showed that there were more females 235 (69%) than males 105 (31%) who had disclosed their HIV status to children (Madiba, 2015). The rate of parental disclosure to children was very low and consistent with rates of much earlier studies conducted in South Africa and sub-Saharan countries.
Ramakulukusha (2014), an empirical study on in the Vembe District in Thukela municipality, investigates the challenges faced by HIV positive parents regarding status disclosure to their teenage children. The findings revealed that participants experienced socio-psychological challenges in relation to disclosing their HIV positive status to their children (Ramakulusha, 2014).While Mazibuko (2007) in his work empowering women for gender equity, finds the HIV/AIDS status disclosure process as a healing step. Magwaza, one of the participants was diagnosed with HIV 11 years ago, at the age of 23.
Today, she describes her life as happy but admits it wasn’t easy for her to come to terms with the fact that she was infected with a life-threatening virus (Mazibuko 2007).