Marni Evans stated that “Most people asked about sustainability.
What is it? and What will it have an effect on our planet.?”(Evans, 2018). The meaning of sustainability according to the United Nations World.
“Sustainability is that the ability to satisfy the requirements of the current without compromising the flexibility of next generations to fulfil their own needs.” (Evans, 2018). It contains the main three sectors, which is economic, environmental, and social. All of three sectors are equally important to help cities to be sustainable. Currently, many local representatives must use a structured process, which is the RFSC, for urban development(Bizarro, n.d.
). The Reference Framework for Sustainable Cities (RFSC) is the tool for community European officials which are about process of city developing. (Bizarro, n.d.). According to the United Nations, as global population grows, urban population is growing even faster with 2.
5 billion more city dwellers expected by 2050 (Hoff, n.d.). these people need many resources. After they used them, they want to dispose of their waste. This might have a large negative impact on the environment as same as Moscow which is the capital city of Russia. Moscow is the famous city and has many facilities in there (French, 2018).
This reason causes Moscow to has a dense population, and has many environmental issues. Moreover, environmental problems have effects on the sustainability of Moscow. The initial environmental problem that Moscow deals with is that water pollution has over from the standard. The freshwater supply is in Russia about a quarter, but a large section of water is contaminated by factorial garbage (Bramlett, 2018).
According to the Borgen project, “Water pollution become the biggest problem for Moscow, so this city depends on surface water about seventy percent”(Bramlett, 2018). “There are poisonous substances that surpass Russia’s safety standards” Dmitry Artamonov, head of the harmful substances campaign of NGO in Russia, told the BRICS Post (Ritter, 2018). Each sample illustrated that water has a high level of chemicals, including sulfur, oil, heavy metals, and aluminium. This is a negative impact on people’s health who use water for drinking. Because nowadays, Moscow’s drinking water which is come from upstream locations has contaminant from industrial (Ritter, 2018).
Eventually, this problem does not only have negative consequences for Moscow, but it also has an impact on Moscow sustainability in long term. We easily observe water pollution cause people do not have a good health; it impacts on society. When Moscow does not have a good surrounding for tourism, this can lead to decrease profits from tourists, and Moscow may be less attractive places. Water pollution can cause aquatic animals in water dead or extinct, so it has a large impact on the environment and economy respectively. An additional evidence that environmental issues are the major problem for Moscow is that Moscow has problem a waste management.
From estimation of ecologists a few range of solid waste in Moscow are increasing per annum, and perhaps in three years all current lowland in Russia will have restricted capacity (Sorokina, 2018). Because of bad smell of waste, thousands of citizens in Moscow have compliant about recycling and waste management (Kravchenko, 2018). Greenpeace Russia said that “the number of waste that Russian waste barely 2 percent is burnt, garbage recycling only 7 percent, and the rest is in landfill from 30 percent in previous decade” (AFP, 2018). However, this problem caused by a lack of attention of citizens and Moscow manage waste inappropriately. The government has decided to solve garbage problem by burning all of them, but this action can cause over pollution (AFP, 2018).
. Until in 2017, President Vladimir Putin enacted the law about recycling waste, so he ordered regional authorities to provide waste containers for recycling (Sorokina, 2018). Moreover, in 2018, there are many recycling factories in Moscow (Sorokina, 2018). Eventually, over solid garbage can causes Moscow to have a bad environment and affect its tourism in case of less attractive place in long term.