Metaphors is a poem written in free verse by Sylvia Plath in 1959. Metaphors is a poem which is collected in her 1960’s collection called Colossus and Other Poems. This collection was Sylvia Plath’s first book of poetry and is the only book of poetry she ever published in her lifetime. The poems title has nine letters, the number of lines is nine and the number of syllables in each line is also nine, which may be referring to the nine months of pregnancy. The word pregnancy also has nine letters. The text does not have any regular rhyme scheme. The poem is about the first time she was pregnant. In the poem she expresses how she felt in a clever way using metaphors.
The poet maybe was not very happy about being pregnant, one can see that by the negative phrases or words in the poem. For example she felt very big, heavy, and slow. This is shown in the second line which states: “An elephant, a ponderous house,”. By referring herself to an elephant it means she feels very massive and slow. Using ponderous it really emphasizes how heavy it is. There is another part in which the poet mentions that she feels huge and it is on the third line which is about the melon on two tendrils, meaning that she thinks she is large and round and was walking on two skinny legs. On line 5: “This loaf’s big with its yeasty rising”, the fifth line says that her stomach has basically doubled in size. Another thing that proves that Sylvia is not very happy about the pregnancy is the lack of positivity throughout the poem. The eighth line when she says she has eaten a bag of green apples, Sylvia might be referring to the time when Eve gave Adam a apple to eat, an apple they were not supposed to eat, and as punishment the gods said that Eve was going to suffer pain during childbirth. Which might mean that Sylvia was going go through a lot of pain during childbirth and that is not really positive. The last line “Boarded the train there’s no getting off”, maybe means she has began a journey and the destination is motherhood. “there’s no getting off” might imply that there is no way around pregnancy. The last line might not signify complete negativity Even though she might not see pregnancy as something delightful, but she values her child very much as seen in line six: “Money’s new-minted in this fat purse”. One can understand that she values her child by comparing it to money.
Plath uses metaphors in a way which allows the readers what she feels about being pregnant, metaphors which creates images in ones head. These image created in each line allows one to understand more what it is like for her and also allows the reader to see someone else’s perspective on pregnancy. The poet’s perspective might not be the most positive of them all.