Micronutrient deficiency (MND) translates to the lack of important minerals and vitamins in small amounts for adequate growth and development of the human body.
Most common micronutrient deficiency worldwide entails:
– Vitamin A
– Folic Acid
A problem, usually related with the cause-effect of malnutrition, MND is a huge part of the glut of diseases which categorises under the global burden of disease. Through a rising rate of illnesses such as mental impairment and even mortality, majority of MNDs are ubiquitous in economically less-advanced countries and with symptoms causing a reduction in immune systems, would be a likely cause of widespread disease and death.
With MNDs of any form being able to result in severe health problems, there are several of them which are especially lethal.
? Major reason that contributes to high rates of death & disease amongst infants, children and mothers in developing countries
? Deficit in Vitamin A, iron, iodine and zinc intensify the burden of disease resulting in multiple health implications
? Severe cases result in death during childbirth, mental illness, lower educational fulfilment, lowered work capacity
? Vicious cycle goes beyond a single generation with far-reaching consequences on generations to come
? Emphasis upon the actions to be taken to tackle the issue of MND and delay/manage it from going beyond a global epidemic
Many reasons contribute to the rampant spread of MND. The most rudimentary however, is directed at poverty. Low or middle-income settings of the world are unable to obtain basic nutrition owing to a lack of finances and education in terms of health and wellness. Coupled with infectious disease and a poorly sanitized environment, the unavailability of adequate health service, contributes wholly to the rise in MNDs. Furthermore, poorer countries face another tricky situation in terms of the privilege of obtaining a greater amount of food. Being reasonably less wealthy, problems in obtaining what is required often surface, leaving them with very little say in deciding what is necessary for their populace.