Miguel De Joya Submitted on: January 15, 201812-C Ms. AlceIntroduction (Move 1A, Move 1B, Move 2, Move )Move 1A (1-3) Student attendance monitoring is an important issue regarding Schools and Universities. A main issue being loss in productivity by interrupting a class and manual checking Ali, et al. (2015). This manual checking of attendance can be found in the La Salle Green Hills community.
The same impacts of manual attendance checking are found here. Actions done to ease this process has been the automation of attendance checking in universities with the use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology. Sonsane et. Al. (2015) said that people are trying to experiment on using technology with their attendance system.
Some universities are trying to use Radio Frequency Identification or RFIDs for their attendance system and some other schools are testing the effectivity of QR codes. But the problem with Qr codes is that it takes time to scan a QR code and it requires you to be near the code for it to be scanned and the use of this technology has a significant cost, per scanner therefore NFC is an option. This is supported by a review done by Salleh (2015), which states that Near-Field Communication (NFC) is an option to use for Student Attendance Monitoring. There is a need to apply this type of Attendance monitoring system to the La Salle Green Hills network since the current method is flawed. Additionally, previous attempts to solve this problem have failed (Referring to QR code based attendance system). One of the main ways late students are managed is that they have to wait in line to get a late pass, which is then given to the class secretary, then is given to the Assistant Principal’s office to get approved.
Move 1A (4-6)With the current attendance system in La Salle Green Hills, it has been observed to be inefficient. Even if it gets checked accurately, it can interrupt classes and lose tempo in the lecture, additionally students can cause congestion if they are late for classes, which is why a change in the current attendance system is required. This is supported by Yuru, et al. (2013), which states that the attendance management has an important role in the management of a student, as the improvement of attendance management improves learning efficiency, learning grade and improve the education level of the school. Current practices in La Salle Green Hills use pen and paper to check attendance; this can also be seen in papers such as Bhise, et.
al (2015). Another solution tested by La Salle Green Hills is the use of a QR code on students’ ID’s to scan for attendance, this was however, a failure since the implemented system required students to line up the QR code to a camera which takes longer time to register than simply tapping a card or even through pen and paper. Additionally, the app that was used to scan the QR codes had multiple flaws that would cause the app to crash, or even the whole tablet to freeze. There is a need to improve the current attendance system of the La Salle Green Hills to further make the management of attendance more efficient. Researches that support this are: Akhils, et. al (2013), Yuru, et. al (2013), Zhang, et.
al (2013), Bhise, et. al (2015), Saleh, et. al (2015), and Tripathi, et. al (2016). All of these researches prove that improvement of their respective attendance systems via some sort of card/tag made their system more efficient.
Move 1B and Move 2Numerous studies have been conducted on NFC technology and how it can be implemented for numerous applications such as an attendance system for educational institutions, payroll systems for corporate industry, money transfer, and shopping via NFC scanning. The studies were based on how the database and data flow are handled. Such as Finkellzeller (2010), as it talks about the fundamentals of Near-field communication (NFC) from how is it made, how does it work and how to implement it. According to a research study done by Ayadin, et. al (2010), due to the rapid improvement of information technologies, the ways of doing business is changing with it. One of these improvements is the development of Near-Field Communications (NFC) technology.
“This technology is a short-range, high frequency, low bandwidth and wireless communication technology based on Radio Frequency Identification technology,” Ayadin, et al. (2010) states. One of its main advantages versus other similar technology is its simplicity, transaction of data are initialized automatically after touching a reader, another device with similar capabilities or a transponder.Using similar technology, Akhila, et.
al (2013) created an approach of using a mobile based attendance tracking system using an android application. In addition, they were able to “leverage Near-Field Communication technology and gamification behavior approach to incorporate game mechanics into activity oriented learning systems”. They were also able to identify the flaws of their existing system such as: not user friendly, difficulty in report generation, manual control, lots of paperwork, and time consuming, these flaws can also be seen in the current attendance system for the La Salle Green Hills community. Yuru, et. al (2013) lays a framework for the system that needs to be created by using a three part system: RFID tags, RFID reader, and a Database.
According to Yuru, “College student attendance management of class plays an important position in the work of management of college student, this can help urge student to class on time, improve learning efficiency, increase learning grade, and thus entirely improve the education level of the school”. However, the system implemented by Yuru, et. al lack features and expansion.Zhang , et. al(2013) improves upon the idea by adding more main module parses. These main modules include: Personal details, Query detail statement by department, Query detail statement by course, Attendance statistics, Raw data statements, Attendance data processing logs, Statistical statements of absenteeism rate, Manual processing module, Manual retroactivity, Attendance data modification, Attendance data deletion (after a period of time), Attendance rights management module (Staff, Operator and System Administrator). These improvements on how the system is built allow for a more seamless use of the system as a whole.
Azhari (2014) stated that NFC in its current stages is not that vulnerable because people are not familiar with that type of technology. However, Azhari (2014) also stated that in the future, as NFC will become well known, hackers can attack unsuspecting users that can compromise any given data inside the database. In correlation to Azhari’s (2014) study, Lemos (2015) states possible ways to avoid being hacked from using NFC. As there are a lot of ways to prevent it from happening, certain simple methods include reading the fine print from applications using NFC, turning it off when not in use etc.
While it is simple steps, it does help so the users can be informed and not get their data stolen by attacks from hackers. With all this technology and culmination of ideas, there are still some issues with the system, specifically regarding attendance forgery. This is elaborated in a paper done by Bhise, et. al (2015), which specifically mentions a conflict in which a student can have their friends’ NFC tag and check attendance for them. The solution mentioned in this paper is that once an NFC card is scanned, the application will require the student to take a photo of their face therefore not allowing a student to scan their friends for them. A considerable amount of research has been made on the improvement of attendance systems using RFID or NFC, however each paper lacks elements that the other papers have. As a result, there is no system that has all the necessary features needed to create a truly seamless system.
Therefore, these features need to be improved and added together to create a system that has all the modules necessary to become adequate for school use (college and high school). Move 3 The aim of this paper is to create an attendance system that improves upon the current system placed by La Salle Green Hills. This is done through the implementation of Near-Field Communication (NFC) technology as means to check attendance. This paper creates an attendance system with the use of NFC technology to increase efficiency over the current system placed by La Salle Green Hills. Three parts of the software are necessary for function: database, software (mobile and web), and API. The proposed system uses the following programming languages: PHP 5.6, Angular 2, Ionic 2, Js (ES6), MySQL, and Laravel 5.2.
Additionally, the software used are: Xampp v3.2.2, Sublime Text 3, and Git. The software (mobile app, website, and server) will be made in 3 weeks. The sample size is 30 students, testing the effectiveness of the proposed method; the situation is the line that is created when students are late. Half of the sample will be going through the current system (hand writing on a late slip); the other half will be going through the proposed method, which is the NFC system. The time taken for both methods will be used to calculate for the effectiveness of the system.References: Akhila, K.
, Prathyusha, B., & PavanKumar, M. (2013, April 4). A Novel Approach Of Mobile Based Attendance Tracking System Using Android Application. Retrieved January 14, 2018, from https://www.ijert.
org/download/3230/a-novel-approach-of-mobile-based-student-attendance-tracking-system-using-android-applicationAzhari, F. (2014). Quick detection of NFC vulnerability. Information Management & Computer Security, 22(2), 134-140. Retrieved January 14, 2018, from: https://search.proquest.
com/docview/1660152880?accountid=28547Bhise, A., Khichi, R., Korde, A., & Lokare, D. (2015, February). Attendance System Using NFC Technology with Embedded Camera on Mobile Device. Retrieved January 14, 2018, from https://www.
ijarcce.com/upload/2015/february-15/IJARCCE6D.pdfFinkenzeller, K (2010). RFID Handbook: Fundamentals and Applications in Contactless Smart Cards, Radio Frequency Identification and Near-Field Communication. Retrieved January 14, 2018, from: https://books.
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(2010, June 01). NFC Research Framework: A Literature Review And Future Research Directions. Retrieved January 14, 2018, from http://acikerisim.isikun.edu.tr:8080/xmlui/handle/11729/622?locale-attribute=enTripathi, K.
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, & Liping, T. (2013, April). The Research and Application of College Student Attendance System based on RFID Technology. Retrieved January 14, 2018, from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/c2b8/364e35b680da3582aff84768b27e663bb292.pdf