Mr. O’ Riordan
AP Global History
The Great War: Name used by the Europeans for World War l until the advent of World War II.
Kaiser Wilhelm II: Was the German emperor during World War I.
Triple Alliance: Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.
Triple Entente: Alliance between England, France, and Russia; made to go against the Triple Alliance.
The Great Powers: The European nations that colonized and industrializing before World War l.
Allied Forces: What the countries going against the Central Powers were named.
Central Powers: The Allies were Austria-Hungary, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire.
Jingoism: The working classes that were set in Europe before the war.
Dreadnought: Modern battleship that was initially launched by Britain.
Gavriel Princip: Was a Serbian nationalist.
Archduke Ferdinand: Beneficiary to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
Sarajevo: Capital in Austria-Hungary of the Bosnian province.
Blank check: Germany agreed to protect Austria-Hungary after Ferdinand’s assassination.
White dominions: soldiers sent to fight in World War l from Canada, Australia, and New Zealand which are Britain’s territories.
Western Front: War zone that began to spread from Belgium to Switzerland.
Marne River: Site near Paris, France, where Germany’s early offensive was halted and thrown back.
Eastern Front: War zone that began to spread starting from the Baltic to the Balkans.
Tsar Nicholas II: Last emperor of Russia that made terrible military and political decisions.
Propaganda: media sponsor by government coverage of the war.
Bolsheviks: Socialists from Russia that were promoting the overthrow of the tsar.
New women: Term used to describe women that were career-oriented from western Europe as well as in the United States.
Jutland: The war’s major sea battle between Germany and Britain.
Gallipoli: Australian soldiers that were supporting the British but were annihilated by Turkish.
German East Africa: A fight that occurred in Africa that involved the British-led Indian and the South African troops on one side, while the German-trained east African troops were on the other side.
Treaty of Versailles: Wide-ranging postwar conference.
Woodrow Wilson: Was the American president who initially claimed neutrality in the war.
Georges Clemenceau: French premier at Versailles peace conference.
David Lloyd George: British prime minister at Versailles.
Armistice: All sides concurred to lay down their weapons without proclaim victory.
Stab in the back: Myth promoted in Germany.
Self-determination: National independence called by Wilson from colonial rule before Versailles.
Ho Chi Minh: Young nationalist from Vietnam.
Indian Congress Party: Nationalist group in India that called for independence from Britain.
B. G. Tilak: Nationalist leader who promoted a reactionary sort of Hinduism.
Morley-Minto reforms: British colonial authorities expandeing political opportunities for the Indian scholars.
Mohandas Gandhi: Successful leader of the Indian nationalist movement.
Satyagraha: A term used by Gandhi to describe peaceful boycotts, “Truth force.”
Lord Cromer: British High Commissioner of Egypt.
Effendi: uSccessful Egyptian families that made up the middle class.
Dinshawai: An Egyptian village that came to show the heavy-handed nature of the colonial rule due to British violence being placed onto them.
Mandates: The Treaty of Versailles established British or French power over territories that were originally held by Germany as well as the Ottoman Empire.
Ataturk (a.k.a. Mustafa Kemal): Post war leader of Turkey who launched sweeping reforms.
Hussein, Sheriff of Morocco: Was convincing the Arab leaders to back up the French and British in the war.
Zionists: Supporters from the Jewish nationalism.
Lord Balfour: British secretary that vowed in a declaration the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.