Millennium Development Goals
The first of the Millennium Development Goals is to, Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. The first part of the target is that “Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1.25 a day”. This goal has only been reduced by half, between 1990 and 2015, people are still suffering from hunger in certain parts of the world. Target one want to reduce extreme poverty, the poverty rate in the developing world has decrease from 47 percent to 14 percent between 1990 and 2015. This MDG target was achieved by 2010, half global poverty was reduced by half. The second target of that goal has been achieved full and stable employment and provide decent work for all women and young people. The GDP Growth per Employed Person has increased since 2015. Employment Rate has increased over the years. But it’s still a slow progress, employment opportunities are not growing fast, young adults are still affected by unemployment and don’t have enough employment opportunities.
The second goal was to achieve universal primary education. The goal target is by 2015, children all over the world, boys and girls, will be Enrolled in primary school. And Completion of primary education. That target is still ongoing especially in undeveloped countries. Some of the are that there is an in the primary school net enrolment in the developing world. There is also improvement in primary education in most African country since the establishment of the MDGs. There is a huge increase of literacy rate among youth from 83 percent in 1990 to 91 percent in 2015.
The third goal is to, Promote gender equality and empower women. Target 3.A: Eliminate segregation when it comes to primary and secondary education between genders has been improving. More girls are now at school. More have jobs now and more education. For primary education today, that the gap between boys and girls has been reduced in sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, and Western Asia. For secondary education, has been achieved in Caucasus and Central Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, and Northern Africa. A women’s wage has grown a lot but at a slow pace. When it comes to labor work the gaps between men and women in the labor market is still a problem, women will less likely to be part of the labor force than men in Western Asia, Southern Asia, and Northern Africa.
The fourth goal is to reduce child mortality. Undernutrition is the main cause of death of children under the age of five. The numbers of child mortality have been reduced by two thirds. There still children under-five mortality rate, infant mortality rate, and children still need to be immunized against measles in certain parts of the world. In African countries rate of under-five mortality has been reduced more than five times between 2005 and 2013. And they now measles vaccination that also helped prevent millions of children from dying. This goal has not been fully achieved yet.
The fifth goal is to make improvement in maternal health by saving the lives of hundreds of thousands of women who die due to complication from pregnancy and childbirth every year. This could be prevented if women in developing regions had access to sufficient diets, good health services, and safe water and sanitation facilities. Target 5.A: The maternal mortality ratio has been reduced by three quarters. Maternal death has dropped a lot since the MDG. Target 5.B: Was achieve, by 2015, when there is more universal access to reproductive health for poor countries and even develop country.
The sixth goal is to Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases. The number of people infected with HIV continues to decline around the world. Access to antiretroviral therapy has increased at a remarkable pace, preventing millions of deaths. But the lack knowledge of HIV and HIV prevention remains among young people. What was achieve, is that universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS is available for everyone from around the world. The malaria incidence rate has fallen by an estimated 37% worldwide.
The seventh goal Ensure environmental sustainability. Today people can finally gain access to improved drinking water and have safe water. People now have gained access to improved sanitation. Virtual elimination of ozone-depleting substances. And less people in urban areas are living in the slums.
The eighth goal is Develop a global partnership for development. The targets are to address the special needs of least developed countries, some developed countries, and small island. Dealing with debt problems of developing countries. Provide access to affordable medication in developing countries. The MDG wants to address the special needs of the least developed countries. The achievement are that the United Kingdom, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and Luxembourg continued to be dominate of the UN official development assistance target of gross national income.