Mulliganand Carruthers identify that “amenities are key to understanding quality oflife because they are precisely what make some places attractive for living andworking, especially relative to other places that do not have them and/or areburdened with their opposites, disamenities”. Urban amenities are understood inthis research to mean specific urban facilities that contribute to the urban livingexperience of residents; they are linked to the daily life needs of residentsin a neighbourhood. Some examples given by Randall include: “grocers,convenience stores, access to public transit, schools and professional servicesdoctor or dentist”. Gottliebconfirms that “residential amenities may be defined as place-specific goods orservices that enter the utility functions of residents directly”. Both (Mathuret al., 2015) refers to urban amenities as “quality of life factors” and Howieet al.
, confirm that “urban amenities are generally accepted as being importantto a household’s sense of place”. There are both Buildings 2015, 5 87 publicsector amenities provided by councils, such as parks, public squares andrecreational facilities, as well as private sector amenities such as cafés,restaurants, retail and other goods or service providers. There are two mainreasons given in the literature as to why focusing on the role of urban andrural amenities in the delivery of urban intensification is important. Firstly,in an economic sense, it is argued that a diversity of urban amenities attracteconomic activity to a city in terms of firms and labor wanting to be locatedin a place of high amenity value. In other words, “the provision of amenitiesgenerates urban advantages that perpetuate the concentration of economicactivity and population in, and in closer proximity to, them.
(Mathur 2015) also confirm that “the emerging literature on amenities seems toindicate that one of the most effective ways to attract knowledge workers inthe regions and promote economic development is the creation of amenities”