One of the most commonly diagnosed mental health disorder is depression

February 4, 2019 Critical Thinking

One of the most commonly diagnosed mental health disorder is depression (Bland, et al., 2012, p. 109). Depression is a very broad term to discuss. Depression is more than just a low mood. It’s a serious condition that affects your physical and mental health. Treatments for depression are operative. If you reckon sings that someone depressed, professional help may be warranted. There are several kinds of medication; serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs ; SRNIs), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) and tricyclic antidepressants, which could all have varying effects (Bland, et al., 2012). A different kind of medication may exacerbate or elevate his depressive symptoms. Other treatment options include electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). (Bland, et al., 2012). In the social worker’s opinion, it appears that Dylan is currently living in a tense and antagonistic relationship, on the verge of relationship breakdown, which is negatively affecting his depressive symptoms. Changes in his behaviour like unable to concentrate, withdrawing from close family and friends, feeling like guilty, frustrated, lack of confidence, disappointed, thoughts like I’m worthless, people would be better off without me all this thing was in his mind which was taking him to depression.
Talking about the therapies for the treatment of Dylan’s depression, psychotherapy often uses specific type of therapy to treat depression. Some of them usage an eclectic method, based on a client’s treatment needs. There are several types of therapy, a study surveyed which therapies are most effective for depression. Some of the following therapies were similarly operative in reducing depression. There has been quite a lot of research on the effects of cognitive-behavioural group therapy as a treatment for depression. According to the extensive mapping by, treating depression with cognitive-behavioural therapy is efficient and useful. have had comparable results. In their therapy, they tried to teach the patients skills that diminish depression. For example, they tried to develop the persons’ problem-solving skills. Treating depression with cognitive-behavioural therapy has proven efficient and useful. Cognitive behavioural therapy has led to the reduction in the levels of depression, negative involuntary thoughts, and students’ dysfunctional attitudes (Goodyer, Wright ; Altham, 2010). It has been proven that the symptoms of depression lessen during therapy.
Another anti-depressant therapy is Norepinephrine, also known as noradrenaline, the element that is released mainly from the ends of sympathetic nerve fibres and that turns to increase the force of skeletal muscle contraction and the proportion and force of contraction of the heart. The actions of norepinephrine are vital to the fight-or-flight response, whereby the body formulates to react to or retreat from an acute threat. As part of the body’s response to strain, norepinephrine disturbs the way the brain pays attention and re-joins to procedures (Lopez?Duran, Nusslock, George, & Kovacs, 2012). It can also do the following, increment of heart rate, trigger the issue of glucose (sugar) into the blood, growth blood flow to muscles. As a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, norepinephrine increases alertness and arousal and speeds reaction time. Norepinephrine has been shown to play a role in a person’s disposition and capacity to concentrate. Another type of anti-depressant is SSRIs. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most commonly prescribed antidepressants ( Spielmans, Pasek, ; Mcfall,2007). They can ease symptoms of moderate to severe depression, are relatively safe and typically cause fewer side effects than other types of antidepressants do. SSRIs comfort depression by increasing levels of serotonin in the brain. Serotonin is one of the chemical messengers (neurotransmitters) that communicate signals between brain cells. SSRIs block the reabsorption (reuptake) of serotonin in the brain, making more serotonin accessible ( Spielmans, et al.,2007 ).SSRIs are called selective because they seem to primarily affect serotonin, not other neurotransmitters. However there are some side effects of the SSRIs are: drowsiness, nausea, dry mouth, insomnia, diarrhea, nervousness, agitation or restlessness, dizziness, sexual problems, such as reduced sexual desire or difficulty reaching orgasm or inability to maintain an erection (erectile dysfunction), headache, blurred vision (Charles,2003).
Depression cases are different varying in people. For instance, one individual may struggle to get out of bed because of depression, someone else might be able to work every day without co-workers noticing that he’s depressed. (Mammen, & Faulkner,2013). Sometimes, symptoms that look like depression aren’t depression. Substance abuse problems like medical, medication side effect or other mental health circumstances may produce symptoms that look like depression. Persons with depressive symptoms often seek validation for their own needs and actions from other people. In this manner, they strive to prove their worth, their competence or their likeableness. Those suffering from depression often have limited social skills (Mammen, ; Faulkner,2013). There are several causes inked with depression. Depression can affect anyone at almost any age .and the reasons why some people grow depressed isn’t always known but researchers suspect there are many causes of depression and it isn’t always preventable. Its estimated that 10 to 15 percent of the general population will experience clinical depression in their lifetime. And the world health organization estimates 5 percent of men and 9 percent of women experience depression disorders in a given year (Ronen ; Freeman, 2007). Research also says that long-term unemployment, living in abusive or uncaring relationship, long-term isolation, work stress are also causes of depression. Also, some of the reason can be losing the job which is also the reason for the depression. Depression is treatable, and most people see improvements in their symptoms when treated with medication, psychotherapy or a combination of the two. While the process of treatment it should be individual so that best treatment can be achieved because if group treatment is done may all the people have not the same problem, so treatment may not be successful.
Social workers play a key role in the depression treatment team. Social workers are the second largest allied health professionals providing mental health services including depression. Social workers do a variety of “talk therapies” which include individual counselling, calamity intervention services, family therapy, as well as the deployment of support networks. In case of Dylan, social workers can also accomplish case management occupations of monitoring medication agreement and assistance with maintaining medical schedules, especially important for people for whom depression is a deteriorating illness (Williamson, Birmaher, Dahl ; Ryan, 2005 ). Social work researchers often work in teams with researchers of other disciplines. Their research emphases on such subjects as the efficacy of medications in clinical tribunals, work with refugees who struggle to discover new connotations in new cultural contexts, issues of co-morbidity, e.g. depression co-occurring with substance abuse or eating disorders, or of inter-generational manifestations, including the challenging of intervention models with children or with the elderly in assisted living backgrounds.
To conclude, depression is a mental disorder that marks the mind and can have perceptible effects on physical and social wellness. Depression can affect anyone at any age. If a person with depression does not seek medical help, then the mental disorder might become worse. Dylan can get rid out of depression by the different strategies used by the social worker to make changes.