One regulation on importing food into the United States is The Federal Import Milk Act. This regulation focuses on maintaining imports of milk to protect public health and promote dairy.
The act states that you must have a permit by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to import milk into the United States. This act also has requirements regarding cows, dairy farms, bacteria test, and temperatures. The requirements state that all cows must pass a tuberculin test and be proclaimed healthy a year before importing the milk.
This allows for the milk to be imported without breaking safety and health precautions. The requirements also state that the dairy farms must be inspected and meet the sanitary expectations. This will ensure that the milk is being packaged and processed correctly. Another requirement is that the bacterial counts in raw milk cannot exceed a certain limit and must not be over fifty degrees Fahrenheit or it will be denied. Another law on importing food into the United States is The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act. This act was signed by the president, The United States Department of Agriculture, and The Department of Health and Human Services.
This act produced procedures in emergencies of terrorism or public health-related issues. This act also created The National Disaster Medical System. This is a system where public health workers volunteer in case of emergencies. This act focuses on improving the United States ability to prevent, prepare for, and respond to bioterrorism and other health emergencies. There are many countries who export foods to the United States. China is a top importer into the United States.
Most kinds of seafood are imported from China. Tilapia, Cod Fish, grouper, haddock, whiting fish, red bream, squid, flounder, crab, and lobster are a few major kinds of seafood we import from China. Some other foods include apple juice, processed mushrooms, garlic, chicken, rice, black pepper, salt, and green peas. Mexico is the main exporter of fresh foods to the United States. Foods including bananas, pineapples, avocados, apples, honeydew melons, blueberries, cantaloupe, mangoes, and lemons are imported to the United States daily. Vegetables like peppers, cucumbers, tomatoes, corn, pinto beans, broccoli, cabbage, onions, lettuce, celery, squash, and spinach are also imported into the United States daily. Costa Rica is another major country that imports food to the United States. The major foods include bananas, pineapples, and other tropical fruits.
Some others include coffee, sugar, rice, palm oil, and many vegetables. Peru is another importer to the United States. Many fruits and nuts are imported from Peru, including grapes, mangoes, avocados, bananas, and citrus fruit. Vegetables including peppers and asparagus are also imported.
Peru also imports coffee considering Peru is a major coffee producer. Certain kinds of fish are imported as well.Canada is also an importer to the United States. Canada exports foods such as beef and pork, baked goods, vegetables, canola oil, and chocolate products are the top imports from Canada into the United States. New Zealand is another importer. New Zealand exports fresh fruits, dairy products, pet food, and beef to the United States.
Australia’s exports are similar to New Zealand’s, which includes pork as well as pork products, fresh fruit, dairy products, and pet food.