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0px ‘Book Antiqua’; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000}span.s1 {font-kerning: none}The other mystic order, which had reached India almost at the same time as the Chisti silsilah, was the Suhravardi order. It was founded by Shihabuddin Suhravardi (d. 1234), a teacher in Baghdad. It was introduced in India by his disciples Jalaluddin Tabrizi and Bahauddin Zakariya.

Tabrizi settled down in Bengal where he converted a large number of Hindus. Zakariya was chiefly responsible for organizing the Suhravardi silsilah in India. He carried on his missionary work at Multan till his death in 1262. Unlike the Chistis, the Suhravardis did not believe in leading a life of poverty and excessive austerity and self-mortification. They lived comfortable family lives.

They made ample provisions for their families. They felt no scruples in accepting costly presents and patronage from the Muslim aristocracy. Suharvardis believed that there was no harm in possessing and dispensing of wealth, if the heart was detached.

They did not shun the ruling elite. They actively associated with the government and accepted the posts of Shaikh-ul-Islam and Sadr-i-Wilayat.The Suhravardi silsilah was confined mostly to the upper strata of the Muslim society. Some of the saints of the Suhravardi silsilah adopted a rigid and uncompromising attitude on many matters of religious and social significance. Ziauddin Barani records that, the Suhravardi saint Syed Nuruddin Mubarak Ghaznavi advised Iltutmish to follow a policy of discrimination and persecution against the Hindus.

However, some of the Suhravardi saints were very liberal and broadminded and were held in deep respect by the Hindus. The devotion of the Hindus of Bengal to Shaikh Jalauddin Tabrizi may be estimated from Sekha Subhodaya a Sanskrit treatise, which includes all the legends about the saint prevalent among the Hindus.


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