Paper View Plain Text View 1. Task:Define the relationship of the the U.S. Constitution to the following.1 JohnLocke: Had the idea of natural rights to citizens, He gave ThomasJefferson the idea to write the declaration of independence which the USconstitution was then built off of. 2 TheAmerican Revolution: The American revolution led to the states joiningtogether to create a federal government under the Articles of confederationwhich turned out to be a weak system of government. The Document needed to bechanged and resulted to the constitutional convention and ultimately the USconstitution.
3 TheDeclaration of Independence: Thefoundation of the articles of confederation and the US constitution4 TheArticles of Confederation: Came after the Declaration of Independence. TheArticles of Confederation had a weak central government, we needed a strongcentral government which in turn resulted in the Us constitution5 ConstitutionalConvention of 1787: Was held to fix the weak central government that wascreated by the Articles of Confederation. The constitution that came from the conventioncreated a strong federal government with more specific powers 6 Compromisesof the Constitutional Convention: Three fifths compromise meant that slaves would becounted as 3/5 of a person for purpose of population size.The great compromise determined the legislative structureand representation that each state would have under the US ConstitutionThe Commerce Compromise was between northern statesand southern states during the constitutional convention as to how the federalgovernment could regulate commerce.
It imposed tax on imported goods fromforeign countries, while protecting exports from any taxation. The slave trade compromise was basically between thenorther and southern states. Congress could not prohibit slave trade until 1808but imported slaves could be taxed.The electoral college is a compromise betweenelection of the president by a vote in congress and election of the president bypopular vote of its citizens.
7 TheFederalist Papers and Ratification: The Federalist papers tried to convince the peoplethat the constitution was the best options. Created to sell the states on theidea of ratifying the new constitution. 2. Task: Using the chart as a guide, summarizethe theory behind each system.Unitary Government: A government that gives all key powers to the national ofcentral government. No power is give to individual states.Example: China, United KingdomFederal Government: A Federal government is a little bit of both unitary andConfederate.
Power lies in the hands of a strong central government. States andor Provinces are given some of their own self-ruling.Examples: United States, Australia, FederalRepublic of Germany. Confederate Government: A loose union of independent states. A way to organize anation so that the national government is weak and most power are in the handsof the states.Example: Soviet Union 3. Task: Using the chart as aguide, describe how each branch checks the other.Separation of powers were created to keeppowers separated.
The power is rested with the people and we have naturalrights and our governments job is to keep those rights safe. Hence theseparation of power and checks and balances to make sure that our rights arebalanced and not too much power is given to one branch.Article I iswritten about the Legislative branch. The Legislative branch is in charge ofmaking and passing laws.
The Legislative branch includes Congress which is madeup of a Bi-Cameral legislature. It includes the US Senate and the House ofRepresentatives. The first checks and balance is inside the Legislative branch.Both bodies must write the same law before they can pass a law.
Congress has anoversight of the presidency, Between Congress and the President, Congress hasimpeachment power, which is broken up between the House of Representative whichinvestigates the president and the Senate who then determines if he can beimpeached. Congress can override a veto by the president by having 2/3 votes tooverride it. The president also must get approval from congress to add someoneto the government or supreme court nominees. The president also needs approvalfrom congress in order to sign treaties.Article II talksabout the Executive branch. The Executive branch includes the president. Thepresident enforces the laws however he follows the congressional law. ThePresident nominates federal judges which must go through senate first.
ThePresident is also the Commander in chief, which is head of the military, he isin charge of making military decisions, he cannot declare war without theapproval of congress. The president is also reliant on congress in regards tomilitary power because they pass funding laws. He is the figure head of thecountry he signs and veto’s legislation however legislation can veto thepresidents veto he signs The president also has pardon powers which means hecan get anyone he wants out of jail.
Article III involvesthe Judiciary branch whose job is to interpret the constitution. They nominatethe president only after they have been approved by the senate. They areappointed for a lifetime. There is currently nine members of the supremecourt, they hear appeals and follow judicial review. Which is having theability to cipher through presidential actions and laws passed by government tosee if they are obeying the constitution.4. Task: Summarize the following articles andsections of the U.
S. Constitution.Article I, Sections 1-10Article ISection 1: The Legislature The legislature makes laws. It consists of twoparts of congress, the Senate and the House of Representatives.
Section 2: House of RepresentativesUnder a direct Democracy the House ofrepresentatives will be directly elected by the people of those states. Theterm length is two years with a reelection every two years. To be elected youmust be 25 years old and a citizen of the united states for at least 7 years.The house of representatives has the power of impeachment. The speaker of thehouse is next in line for presidency Section 3: Senate To be elected not senate you must be at least30 years old and a citizen of the united state for at least 9 years.
The termlength is 6 years with e reelection every 6 years. The vice president ispresident of senate however has not voting power. The senate can tryimpeachment with 2/3 vote approval.
There is only one vote per senator and thepresident pro-tempore acts if the VP is absentSection 4: Meetings and electionsElections run by states. Congress Regulateselections for Senators and Representatives. Congress meets at least once ayear.Section 5: Rules and ProceduresThe House and Senate ultimately decide theoutcome of elections. They can expel and member with 2/3 supermajority vote.
Congress has the power to set its own rules. And Quorums are mandatory toconduct business in congress. Section 6: Privileges and RestrictionsAnything said in congress cannot be criminallyprosecuted. You cannot be arrested traveling to and from congress.
Congresswill be paid by the US government. Their salaries are set by laws and don’t getpaid that amount unless they a re reelected. Congressmen may not have any otherfederal appointments meaning they cannot have any other government jobSection 7: Bills and LawsRevenue bills must originate in the house, thesenate may amend bills, the house of representatives and senate must both writea la before it can be sent to the president. Congress can override presidentveto by 2/3 vote n each house. If the president does not sign a bill itautomatically becomes a law within 10 days. Section 8: Powers of Congress These are powers that were delegated to thelegislative branch by the founding fathers. The legislative branch has thepower to-Raise taxes to provide for the common defenseand general welfare-Run a debt-Regulate foreign and Native American andinterstate commerce-Naturalization and Immigration Policy-coin cash-deals with counterfeiting-creates and regulates post offices-promote science and arts through patent andcopyright laws-creates inferior courts to the supreme courtsuch as federal courts-declares war-raise and supports the army and navy-regulates national guard –calls up andactivates the national guard-governs the capital*Runs the Elastic ClauseCongress shall have the power to make all lawsnecessary and proper for carrying into execution the foreign powers and allother powers vested by the constitution.Section 9: Limits on congress Congress regulates slave tradeHabeas Corpus- cannot suspend congressNo bills of attained or expost facto lawsNo direct taxes unless taxes are proportionalto the stateCannot pass laws that favor certain parts ofthe countryNo nobility or titles granted to us leadersSection 10: Limiting powers of stateStatas cannot enter treaties from alliancesCannot coin moneyCannot declare warCannot pass or collect taxes on imports orexports Article II, Sections1-4Article IISection 1: Establishes the office of the presidentElectoral College QualificationsSet SalarySection 2: Powersand titles of the presidentSection 3: Dutiesof the presidentSection 4: Impeachment Article III, Sections 1,2,3 Article IIISection 1: Judicial PowerEstablishes supreme court, judge terms forlife.
Section 2:Kinds of cases, trial by jury in criminalcourt.Judicial Review- Allow supreme court to hear,has the right of jury trial, all criminal trials have jury trial unless in caseof impeachmentSection 3: TreasonYou cannot raise war against the United statesCannot give aid and comfort to the enemyYou will be convicted if you have twowitnesses against you or person contest guilty.Cannot punish blood relatives or family.5. Task: Describe the relevancy of publicopinion, interest groups and political parties to the U.S. political system. Because the United states is a Democracy basedoff popular vote these groups are important to the united states politicalsystem.
Interest groups are groups of people who sharecommon ideas or concerns. They try to influence government policies that impactthose concerns. They do thing in a number of different ways. They havelobbyist, hold rallies, donate to politicians, and spread awareness andopinions through social media. There goal is to protect the economic well beingof their clients or members. Political Parties serve four key functions inthe American political system.
They select candidates, mobilize voters,facilitate governance, and monitor the opposing party. Public opinion is the citizens view onpoliticos and government actions. Its important to the united states politicalsystem because public opinions are what drives the political opinions beingmade. It helps explain behaviors of individuals and gives reasons for specificpolicy outcomes6. Task: Describe what happens prior, duringand after the events listed below. Suggest one improvement.1. Primary and CaucusesDuring the Primary and the Caucuses is wherenominations for each party is taken place, here is where we vote and pick for acandidate.
The four major parties are the Democratic and Republican parties andwe also have the green and liberatarian party. In a primary election you haveopen and closed primaries. On W.W Norton & Company, Inc.
primary electionsare when ” the states allocate delegates proportionately to thepercentage of the vote won by the candidate—this is mandated by the DemocraticParty and winner-take-all models are being phased out by the RepublicanParty. ” and Caucuses elections are “Caucuses are closed meetings in whichthose registered as official party members can vote to select delegates who are”pledged” to support one candidate at the convention. In order to be successfulin caucus states, candidates must have a committed group of followers willingto attend and vote in the caucuses, wherever they are held in the state.”A running mate is also chosen right before theNational Convention. 2. National ConventionsNominees chose when and where they want theirconvention to take place way before hand. They typically try to post pone theconvention as late as possible so that they could campaign and gain the supportfor their voters. The purpose of these conevntions are to talk about how they feelthe last four years have been and voice their message and visions on thecurrent political and economical climate are.
3. General ElectionsThe general election typicall consist of oftwo parts the electoral college and the fall campaign. The fall campaign iswhere they try to further their message and rely on polls and focus groups tohelp them. They need to be careful about timing and tings being said. This iswhere hey need to focus on their stance nd not change opinions so much. This isalso the time where we have candidate debates.4.
Electoral CollegeThe Leectoral college currently consist of 587seats and that’s is broken up between states based on the population. Thewinnign candidate is based on majority voet of the electoral college. Typicallythe goal for the candidate is 270 electoral votes to win.I would definitely improve how much of thepeoples vote actually counted towards the election rather than the electoralcollege getting the final decision. 7.) Task: We learned about the many rights andresponsibilities of U.S. citizens.
Describe 5 rights and 5 responsibilitiesimportant to you.Its important to stay informed of the issuesaffecting your community because it gives a sense of protection and security.You are aware of what’s going on around you and the world and you you canprotect yourself and others.
You can express your onions on current issues andpossible make a change or help promote or defend those issues.Its important to respect the rights, beliefs,and opinions of others because you can avoid problems like those that we facetoday. People today are being prejudice to one another with others race,opinions, religions and backgrounds. This causes riots, deaths, unnecessaryprotest and disputes all because we can’t accept that people are different. Ina country that’s made up of many different races, religions, and ethnicity’s Ithink its important that we respect and value the opinions of others so we canwork as a team to better our country.
Its important to have Freedom to expressyourself, because we live in a free country. We are not under communistcontrol. We are not forced to live, act, or speak a certain way. We live in afree country which means we should have our own free opinions.
Its important to Respect and obey federal,state, and local laws it protects us. These laws are designed to keep us safeand have order in our communities. Without order and guidance who knows how thecountry would act with fear of prosecutionI believe its importantto have the Right to vote in elections for public officials because we are ademocracy.
We are entitled to our opinions and our own thoughts. We shouldchoose who we believe is best fit to represent us.