Perception refers to awareness, comprehension, or an understanding of something. Perception is important because it helps to recognize the driving force behind our reaction to things.
Perception during acts as a filter through which communication passes from one person to another. People tend to perceive things differently; the same message can be interpreted by different people differently. We can be more favorable to the messages of a person when we desire more or prolonged involvement with a person. Perception, it affects the way we view everything around us, but how does it work? What makes us see things differently from others? How does perception affect our behavioral processes? Relating perception to our everyday life might be easier than one might think, the way we view the world and everything around us has a direct effect on our thoughts, actions, and behavior. It helps us relate things to one another, and be able to recognize situations, objects, and patterns. A few weeks ago, I opened my social media account to a new image that was flooding the internet, the infamous dress photo. I looked at the image and the caption underneath stating “Is the dress white or gold, or black and blue?”, along with thousands of comments flooding the feed about the color of the dress.
I almost thought it was a joke, clearly the dress is white and gold!, or so I thought. Still skeptical over this photo, I asked my boyfriend what color does he think the dress is, he answered black and blue, we automatically got into a debate over the dress. How can this dress be black and blue? Naturally I had to research further, and the reason why we see different colors goes back to perception.Within days of the dress photo, there were millions of Google results of people, news channels, and scientists explaining the reason of the color perception difference.
One such article was posted in time magazine listing a few reasons, why we see the colors different. Based on one research, as we get older we are less sensitive to blue light, therefore we see the dress as white and gold (Nietz, J. 2015). Another research reported in Science Daily states that based on color consistency theory, although the dress might indeed be blue and black, if the picture was taken in a room which has blue color hues, the blue in the dress might be reflecting a white color, which makes some people see it as white and gold. Although there are different opinions on the perception of the dress, experts agree that the only person able to identify the correct color of the dress, is the person who sees it in person.The bottom-up processing approach, is the processing that begins with stimulation of the receptors (Goldstein, B. 2010). Lets look at bottom-up processing in terms of the mysterious dress.
Although we are all able to perceive the fact the dress is a dress, the way that we see the dress is different. The way that the color is reflecting in the eye, causes us to perceive it in different colors. We recognize that the image is a dress, one our brain perceives the dress as a dress, we start paying attention to its color, which is the feature we are focusing on, because everyone’s perception is different, the way that the dress is reflected in our eye our brain recognizes it in different colors.In conclusion, understanding perception is important because it affects our everyday life. Something as simple as a color of a dress can cause such debate amongst people.
The bottom up processing is one of the approaches that can help us explain why, and how people can perceive things differently. All people are different from one another, so naturally our perception will sometimes differ as well. CITE; FACEBOOK, TIME MAGAZINE.