Poor water quality
Bilharzia – Schistosomiasis, also known as bilharzia, is an infection caused by a parasitic worm that lives in fresh water in subtropical and tropical regions.
Digestive system can cause anaemia, swelling and abdominal pain, diarrhoea and blood in poo.
Urinary system can cause irritation of the bladder, pain when peeing, a frequent need to pee and also blood in the urine.
Heart and lungs can cause a persistent cough, wheezing, shortness of breath and coughing blood.
Nervous system or brain can cause seizures, headaches, weakness and numbness in your legs.
Without treatment, affected organs can become permanently damaged.
Guinea Worm Disease – GWD is an infection caused by the parasite Dracunculus medinesis. GWD is spread by drinking water containing Guinea worm larvae.
People usually don’t have symptoms until about a few days to hours before the worm comes out of the skin, the person may develop a fever, swelling, and pain in the area.
When the adult female worm comes out of the skin, it can be very painful, slow, and disabling.
Often, the wound caused by the worm develops a secondary bacterial infection. This makes the pain worse and can increase the time an infected person is unable to function for weeks or even months.
Malaria- It is a serious tropical disease spread by mosquitoes. If it isn’t diagnosed and treated promptly, it can be fatal.
The symptoms of malaria are: A high temperature/fever
Sweats and chills
Symptoms usually appear 7-18 days after becoming infected, but there are cases where the symptoms don’t appear for a year or even longer.
River Blindness- It is an eye and skin disease caused by worms. Transmitted to humans through the bite of a blackfly.
It is very toxic to the eye, produces terrible itching and various eye manifestations. It can lead to irreversible blindness and disfigurative skin disease
Typhoid – An infectious bacterial fever with and eruption of red spots on the chesty and abdomen and severe intestinal irritation.
Symptoms develop a week or two after a person becomes infected.
A high temperature (up to 40C)
Loss of appetite
Constipation or diarrhoea
A rash made up of small pink spots
Cholera/dysentery – Cholera is a potentially fatal bacterial infection caused by consuming contaminated food or water.
Most people don’t have symptoms but the ones that do have acute watery diarrhoea with severe dehydration.
Can lead to death if untreated.
Hepatitis – Hepatitis is the term used to describe inflammation of the liver. It’s usually the result of a viral infection or liver damage caused by drinking alcohol.
If symptoms develop they are
Muscle or joint pain
A high temp/fever
Feeling and being sick
Feeling unusually tired all the time
Loss of appetite
Pale, grey coloured poo
Yellowing of the eyes and skin
Trachoma – Trachoma is a type of bacterial eye infection. The condition is a leading cause of preventable blindness worldwide, although it’s rare in developed countries such as the UK.
May cause mild itching and irritation of your eyes and eyelids. Then you have swollen eyelids and pus draining from the eyes.