Radioactive substances or radiation word became widely known around the
middle of the 20th century, after the atomic bombing of the Japanese cities of
Hiroshima and Nagasaki and we all have seen the consequences. The fact that
radiation has a detrimental effect on human health is no longer a secret. When
the radioactive radiation passes through the human body or when contaminated
substances enter the body, the energy of the waves and particles is transferred to
our tissues and from there to the cells. As a result of this, there is a change in the
activities of cells. Everything depends on the radiation dose received, the state of
human health and the duration of the exposure.
For ionizing radiation, there are no barriers in the body to stop the radiations, so
any molecule can be exposed to radioactive effects, the consequences of which
can be very diverse. Excitation of individual atoms can lead to the exchange of
some substances into others, causes biochemical shifts, genetic disorders,
etc. The defeat of individual groups of proteins in the cell can cause mammary
cancer, thyroid cancer, lung cancer as well as genetic mutations, transmitted
through several generations. The impact of small doses of radiation is very
difficult to detect because the effect of this is manifested in tens of years.
Radiations affect the tissues of bone marrow, lungs, gastric mucosa, intestines,
and genitals actively. Irradiated people often suffer from cancer, sexual
dysfunction – irradiated men often have erectile dysfunction (impotence) and
prostate cancer, weak immunity for various diseases, loss of vision, there may be
a violation metabolism and a whole range of diseases that are directly or
indirectly affected by radiation exposure. People who have been in a zone with an
increased radiation background should e checked regularly at the doctor and it’s
important to analyze any observed abnormalities in their well-being.
Even the smallest doses of irradiation cause irreversible genetic changes that are
transmitted from generation to generation, lead to the development of Down's
syndrome, epilepsy, the appearance of other defects of mental and physical
development. Particularly frightening is that food products and household items
are also exposed to radiation contamination.
The device that measures the level of radiation is called a dosimeter, this device is
simply necessary for people living in regions with nuclear power plants in areas
where there are or when there were any testing military ranges if there are things
in the house when those who have been in radioactive zones, etc. The dosimeter
will help determine the level of radiation background in the house, apartment or
on the street, children’s toy, food, jewelry as well as determine the source of
radiation, if any, in your home.