ROL’S of cyber bullying. The offender or bullies

Mellissa K. Holt and Alana M. Vivolo-Kantor et al (2015) conducted a meta analysis to understand the relationship between suicidal behaviors and bullying. Database from a variety of online portals and references of articles was obtained to establish a cross sectional analysis. The findings revealed that each of the predictors were connected with the risk of suicidal ideation and associated harmful behaviors(after making moderations). The conclusion suggested that implications should be made for preventing such outcomes that are a consequence of bullying.

mitch Van Geel, Paul Veddar and Jenny Tanilon et al 2014, conducted a research to understand the relationship between “peer victimization, cyber bullying and suicidal tendencies in youth.” Victimization of peers included various aspects like continuous persecution, misuse of authority and power, and done with an intent to harm the victim. This type of victimization was found to be related to both suicidal thoughts as well as attempts to take one’s life.

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Gianluca Gini and Dorothy L. Espelage et al 2014 did a study to recognize the relationship between risk of suicide from cyber bullying and victimization on peers. The technological aspects of cyber bullying were considered to calculate the impact on the individual’s cognition and consciousness. It was found that incessant and relentless actions of cyber bullying can have long term and damaging impacts on the individual.

Charisse L. Nixon et al (2014) conducted a study to find out the effects of cyber bullying on the health and well being of teenagers and youth. A bunch of studies were referred and reviewed to understand the concepts and impacts of the “virtual” type of bullying that is prevalent now a days. Depressive and somatic symptoms, suicidal thoughts, self esteem and self harm issues were commonly found in the victims of cyber bullying. The offender or bullies were found to have high levels of aggression, substance abuse instances, and rebellious behavior. The researcher stressed that a higher and more deeper level of study is required on this topic to intervene in and furthermore prevent the ills of this form of bullying.

Gary W. Schroeder et al (2014), did a research to critically analyze and review the influence of cyber bullying among the youth. He hypothesized that even though the literature and amount of studies on this topic were increasing the theoretical backing of such studies and researches was not strong enough (or even nonexistent in a few). He used the “general aggression model” to establish a relationship between aggression as a factor of cyber bullying. Additionally he also studied the correlation between traditional and technological forms of bullying and discovered that there was a solid relationship between stress and suicidal ideation and cyber bully victims.

Brett J. Litwiller et al (2013) performed a study to understand the role of violent behavior, unsafe sexual acts and substance abuse along with cyber bullying in the suicide of youngsters(specifically adolescents). New means of bullying through technology were taken as the main samples to analyze the impact of cyber bullying and its various manifestations. The findings of the study showed that these forms of behaviors associated with cyber bullying lead to suicidal tendencies. These behaviors acting as mediators as well as risk behaviors led to increase in suicidal behaviors too.

Robin M. Kowalski and Susan P. Limber et al 2012, did a study to find out if there was any link between cyber as well a traditional bullying and its effects on the physical, mental and educational aspects of an individual’s overall personality. For this purpose the subjects were divided onto four subgroups based on various parameters to carry out the tests. It was later found that subjects who were victims of cyber bullying scored negatively on the above dimensions. It meant that the impact of bullying was scientifically proven to be detrimental for an individual’s mental, physical and emotional heath.

Sheri Bauman, Russell B. Toomey and, Jenny L. Walker et al 2012 did a study to determine the connection between suicidal ideation, depression, peer victimization and bullying in high school students. The results revealed that depression was a mediator between offenders and victims but its level and magnitude was varied in individuals of both genders. The findings of the research helps us understand that more emphasis is needed to be put on intervention programmes related to the above mention topics specially in case of middle and high school students.

David D. Luxton et al (2011) investigated the increased amount of evidence there was in favor of the fact that suicidal behavior and social media bullying are interrelated. He studied how such a vicious system of bullies and victims affect the public and how forms of public health approaches can be useful in controlling and addressing the problem. The impact of social medial on suicidal behavior was evaluated on both positive and negative bases. Intervention and prevention programmes were formed after looking into all these dimensions.

Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin et al 2010, conducted a research to find out the correlation between suicidal thoughts and various forms of bullying; taking cyber bullying as a major factor. In this cyber bullying was considered as a non conventional form of aggression, from and towards peers. It was found that suicidal ideation was more prevalent in victims as well as bullies that have used cyber bullying as a medium as compare to those who haven’t experienced or enforced such form of aggression.


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