Technology the first time is a life-changing

    Technology has evolved since the Stone Age when all that could be used as tools were made out of stone to the era that we are all living in now where there are fluoroscopy, MRI, and CT scanners.

The use of technology has grown and is still growing because of the unlimited access to tons of information that is helpful when it comes to socializing, academics, and most importantly, in saving a life. Radiology is extremely underrated considering its value in healthcare. Without radiology, specific doctors such as neurologists, orthopedists, and obstetricians wouldn’t be able to detect certain diseases. Seeing your baby in the womb for the first time is a life-changing experience that wouldn’t have ever happened without the use of a medical ultrasound. A growing brain tumor can’t be detected without the use of MRI and CT scans. A bone fracture can’t be operated on until an X-ray of the bone is performed.

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Not only does radiology help us see what is inside the body, but it also saves lives.     The future of radiology all began with a German mechanical engineer and physicist, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, who made an extraordinary discovery in 1895 which he called X-rays. His work on cathode rays led him to the discovery and the first “röntgenogram” ever taken was on his wife’s hand. The rays showed visible transparency of his wife’s hand which produced an image of her bones and her ring. This discovery significantly changed the medical field for the better. (Nobel Media AB, 2018)    The discovery of X-rays led to new discoveries that are used nonstop in hospitals. Between 1906 and 1912, contrast agents were applied to help doctors visualize human organs and blood vessels for the first time. A new radiological application was made in the 1960s called the angiography in which a special dye is used to get images of the blood flow in an artery or vein.

In the 1970s, G.N. Hounsfield and A.M.

Cormack used computer-processed X-rays to produce images of cross-sectional images of the brain, bones, blood vessels, and soft tissues which increased patient’s chances of recovery because the CT scan showed the development of a certain disease of the body. (Infinity, 2018)Radiology has evolved tremendously since the discovery of the X-rays and now imaging technologies are used in healthcare to diagnose and treat diseases. We have MRI scans, or magnetic resonance imaging, CT scans, or computed tomography, and PET scans, or positron emission tomography. It doesn’t stop there; there are many more imaging technologies that are used to develop images of the heart and brain with the use of high-frequency sound waves. Imaging techniques improved diagnosis, but it also improved the ability of effective care for patients by discovering earlier stages of diseases such as cancer. Because of imaging techniques, we have distinguished the appearances of normal and abnormal structures of organs. (Radiological Society of North America, 2017)My career goal is to become a cardiothoracic surgeon ten years from now and I have realized that radiology plays an important part in surgery.

Radiology is the reason why cardiothoracic surgeons are good at what they do. Radiologists provide images of the heart by using imaging techniques such as coronary catheterization, echocardiogram, intravascular ultrasound, cardiac PET scan, cardiac CT scan and cardiac MRI. I wouldn’t be able to know what is wrong with a patient’s heart without the help of radiologists. Many people think nurses are the backbone of the healthcare system, but I believe radiologists are the backbone because they are the ones that provide images that contain detailed information of the structure and diseases of organs such as how well an organ can function.

Radiology has helped numbers of doctors when coming up with a diagnosis. One interesting diagnostic imaging technique is the ultrasonography because there are seven different types of ultrasound exams (such as Transvaginal Scans, Standard Ultrasound, Advanced Ultrasound, Doppler Ultrasound, 3D Ultrasound, 4D or Dynamic 3D Ultrasound, and Fetal Echocardiography) (American Pregnancy Association, 2017). No mother wants to know that their baby has a birth defect or has something wrong with their fetus while they are still in the womb and these seven ultrasound exams help ensure safety for the fetus in the womb. (Rumack, 2015)A world without radiology is a world with human sufferings from the outbreaks of diseases. We would have no way of knowing what is wrong with our body without examining our heart, brain, and all our other organs. Before the X-ray has been discovered, we knew so little about the human body and why organs failed.

Without radiology, doctors would be guessing what is wrong with a patient and making up the wrong diagnosis. Now we can provide the patient with his or her clinical or differential diagnosis. If there was radiology before the 18th century, everyone would be praising it because there weren’t many technological advances back then.

People take radiology for granted now because we are born in the era where technology is a huge part of our life, but that is not an excuse because we are alive now because of radiology.


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