The 14th century was an era of great crisis for Europe; the Hundred Years war, the plague and the disorder in the Catholic Church all shook people’s faith in authorities and religion.
In this dark period Europeans desired a new start, or in other words a cultural rebirth.. This cultural rebirth was named ” The Renaissance” which gives meaning in French “rebirth” The people who gave this name also thought there was a clear distinction between Dark Ages and their century. They coined the terms “modern” and “ancient” and saw Middle Ages as a long break from enlightment.
In addition to that, according to the City University of New York at Brooklyn, “immense hunger for learning about classical antiquity was reborn” after the Middle Ages.