The are the non-metropolitan middle classes and

The choice of areas we will use for our research is entirely based on article material we have found to avoid any bias assumptions or hearsays. Camden “Camden countercultural buzz :  new residents were enticed by the stirrings of coolness, cheap housing and proximity to central London” – The Guardian 2016 Camden was part of the first wave of gentrification that occurred during the decades following the Second World War, when the UK transformed from a manufacturing-led economy to a service-led economy. The correlation between industries that started to leave and the opening of countercultural places such as the opening of the Roundhouse as a performance venue and the arrival of Compendium bookstore, the first pre-eminent radical bookstore selling controversial political and unconventional literature; attracted new residents and created new opportunities. The markets expanded as Camden’s became increasingly popular during the punk era; and this attracted new residents, particularly from the middle class. Indeed, researchers have argued that today, gentrification refers to ‘specific form of cosmopolitanism’, and that the ‘locals’ are the non-metropolitan middle classes and that the displaced white working class now form “the other” of London.

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order now Brixton « Once the epicentre of some of Britain’s worst race riots in the 1980s, the London neighborhood of Brixton is now facing a very different battle for its Afro-Caribbean soul: gentrification » The Jamaica Observer  2016 Brixton has always been a multicultural area (in the 1950s, Brixton was home to immigrants, especially West Indies) and has been experiencing a rather recent process of gentrification as it has been transforming since the early 21st century. Indeed, new-build institutions such as Pop Brixton, new retail businesses, restaurants, have attracted people with diverse backgrounds to settle in the neighborhood. The process of social and symbolic transformation of the neighborhood seems to benefit the newly established social group and to marginalize the former inhabitants of Jamaican culture. There has been a huge influx of people wanting to live in Brixton, as it was starting to be seen as “a trendy place to live in”: prices of house nearly doubled in four years. Yet, it is important to outline that the gentrification process in Brixton seems different than other gentrification processes : indeed, young Brixton gentrifiers are not “yuppies” – young urban professionals – working in City offices. Indeed, the socio-economic standing of residents hasn’t massively altered.

Professors qualified Brixton as a “irreplaceable model of city living”, as its approach to global culture through its “night time economy” with bars, restaurants clubs is a form of avant-garde strategy which  to some extent, marginilized the “other” – the white working class and contributed to Brixton’s developing cultural and consumption infrastructure.Read more :

com/cities/gallery/2016/jan/14/brixton-makeover-gentrification-then-and-now-in-pictures–Gentrification-splits-famous-London-district_85056 Dalston « Young, middle class incomers parading anti-materialist aesthetics and with a taste for that “edgy” inner city vibe discovered the Islington-Hackney borderland at least a generation ago » The Guardian 2013 Twenty years ago, few middle-class people wanted to live in places like Dalston: crime rates were high, pollution and congestion legion were awful, and schools weren’t safe. Yet recently, all of these have improved enormously and the best explanation for this is the influx of middle-class people: Young creative and artists aren’t paid all that well whereas young management consultants, bankers and lawyers are and as they’ve followed the artists into trendy neighborhoods like Dalston, they’ve pushed up rents and house prices; pushing out the creative people who couldn’t afford to live there anymore.

Academic researchers have indeed argued that the development of arts. Many theorists agreed that Hackney was the next “artisitic quarter” and that not only major cultural institutions but also the fact that it was “cutting edge of global culture”  were leading to an incredible potential for implanting cultural capital in the next generation. Although concerned by the poor education and lack of safety, women and more specifically, mothers have recognized that their geographical location was now “massively enhancing” their cultural capital they formally received through the educational system because they lived right where everything was happening in the city. Read more: The development of the arts and culturalquarters in Hackney is welcomed by many respondents – partly in the potentiallymisguided belief that jobs in this sector are somehow more real than other servicejobs and partly for the benefits it brings in terms of shops and cafes, which aremore authentic than the branded varieties found elsewhere.


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