The Egyptians had their own writing which was called hieroglyphics, which was used to tell a story by having pictured symbols. The Mesopotamians had multiple languages and used different one for a different regions such as Akkadian, Aramaic, Hebrew, and Phoenician languages. The Egyptians used the Meroitic language. Both agricultural societies were dependent upon rivers such as the Nile in Egypt and the Tigris and Euphrates in Mesopotamia, they would also have engaged in the agriculture and traded with other civilizations. The Egyptians characteristics of culture were to have order and a love of stability which many assigns to the reliability of the Nile’s annual cycle. Life in the Mesopotamian city-states was generally more difficult and more uncertain, they were similar in their basic social stratification, with a noble class, owning most of the land, on top and peasants and slaves at the bottom.
Both cultures were into their religions. In Egypt, there were supreme gods such as the sun god Ra, Amon, and Osiris with each male god having a female goddess companion. . Both cultures also believed that they themselves were created for serving their gods. Culture for Mesopotamia also had religions that had many gods and goddesses.
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Egypt’s art and architecture were very different from Mesopotamia such as pyramids, temples, rigid pharaohs to flowing art of Amarna.